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Employment (31 - 40 of 4,998 items)
Federal Workforce: Additional Analysis and Sharing of Promising Practices Could Improve Employee Engagement and Performance
GAO-15-585: Published: Jul 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2015.
From 2006 through 2014, government-wide engagement levels—as measured by the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) Employee Engagement Index (EEI)—increased to an estimated high of 67 percent in 2011 and then declined to an estimated 63 percent in 2014. This decline is attributable to several large agencies—including the Department of Defense—bringing down the government-wide average. The...
Highlights of a Forum: Financial Literacy: The Role of the Workplace
GAO-15-639SP: Published: Jul 7, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2015.
What Participants SaidParticipants highlighted the following themes during the forum:• Employers are well-suited to play a role in promoting financial literacy. Participants noted that employers already provide information on employee benefits, have key information about employees’ lives, and are generally trusted to provide sound financial information and advice.• Workplace financial wellne...
Highlights of a Forum: 3D Printing: Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Implications of Additive Manufacturing
GAO-15-505SP: Published: Jun 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2015.
What Participants SaidForum participants identified many opportunities for using additive manufacturing—also known as three-dimensional (3D) printing—to produce functional parts and discussed benefits that have been realized in the medical, aerospace, and defense sectors. For example, they said that the medical industry is using additive manufacturing to produce customized prosthetics and impl...
Disability Insurance: Preliminary Observations on Overpayments and Beneficiary Work Reporting
GAO-15-673T: Published: Jun 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2015.
Over the last decade, preliminary data provided by the Social Security Administration (SSA) indicate that more than half of the $20 billion overpaid in the Disability Insurance (DI) program was associated with beneficiary work activity. Specifically, SSA's data indicate that between fiscal years 2005 and 2014, a total of $11 billion in DI overpayments were paid to beneficiaries with work earnings...
Retirement Security: Most Households Approaching Retirement Have Low Savings
GAO-15-419: Published: May 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2015.
Many retirees and workers approaching retirement have limited financial resources. About half of households age 55 and older have no retirement savings (such as in a 401(k) plan or an IRA). According to GAO's analysis of the 2013 Survey of Consumer Finances, many older households without retirement savings have few other resources, such as a defined benefit (DB) plan or nonretirement savings, to d...
Unemployment Insurance: States' Reductions in Maximum Benefit Durations Have Implications for Federal Costs
GAO-15-281: Published: Apr 22, 2015. Publicly Released: May 21, 2015.
The unemployment insurance (UI) system, a federal and state partnership that provides benefits to eligible workers who have lost their jobs, was under financial pressures during the recent recession and recovery. Since 2011, nine states reduced the maximum length of time (duration) individuals could receive state benefits. These states reduced duration from 26 weeks to as few as 12 weeks, with 20...
Contingent Workforce: Size, Characteristics, Earnings, and Benefits
GAO-15-168R: Published: Apr 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
The size of the contingent workforce as a proportion of the total U.S. employed labor force can range widely, depending on how it is defined. Narrower definitions generally focus on employment that is temporary, and can result in estimates of less than 5 percent. Broader definitions include various employment arrangements, such as on-call, part-time, and self-employment, among others, and can resu...
Federal Employees' Compensation Act: Analysis of Benefits Associated with Proposed Program Changes
GAO-15-604T: Published: May 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
In 2012, GAO ran simulations to analyze proposals—similar to a proposal discussed in the Department of Labor's 2016 budget justification—to set initial Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) benefits at a single compensation rate. GAO found that the proposals reduced the median wage replacement rates—the percentage of take-home pay replaced by FECA—for total-disability beneficiaries. S...
Regulatory Guidance Processes: Selected Departments Could Strengthen Internal Control and Dissemination Practices
GAO-15-368: Published: Apr 16, 2015. Publicly Released: May 18, 2015.
The four departments—Agriculture (USDA), Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), and Labor (DOL)—and their selected components used guidance for multiple purposes, such as clarifying or interpreting regulations and providing grant administration information. The terminology used for agency guidance varied and agency components issued varying amounts of guidance, ranging from ab...
H-2A and H-2B Visa Programs: Increased Protections Needed for Foreign Workers
GAO-15-154: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
More than 250,000 foreign workers entered the United States through the H-2A (agricultural) and H-2B (nonagricultural) visa programs in fiscal years 2009 through 2013. U.S. employers use a process that involves multiple federal agencies to petition for and employ temporary foreign workers through these visa programs. The Department of State (State) reported that most workers using these visas were...