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Employment (141 - 150 of 4,994 items)
Employment and Training Programs: Opportunities Exist for Improving Efficiency
GAO-11-506T: Published: Apr 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2011.
This testimony discusses the findings from our recent work on fragmentation, overlap, and potential duplication in federally funded employment and training programs and our prior work on the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA). We recently issued two reports addressing fragmentation, overlap, and potential duplication in federal programs--one that outlined opportunities to reduce potential dupl...
Davis-Bacon Act: Methodological Changes Needed to Improve Wage Survey
GAO-11-152: Published: Mar 22, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 6, 2011.
Procedures for determining Davis-Bacon prevailing wage rates, which must be paid to workers on certain federally funded construction projects, and their vulnerability to the use of inaccurate data have long been an issue for Congress, employers, and workers. In this report, GAO examined (1) the extent to which the Department of Labor (Labor) has addressed concerns regarding the quality of the Davi...
Opportunities to Reduce Fragmentation, Overlap, and Potential Duplication in Federal Teacher Quality and Employment and Training Programs
GAO-11-509T: Published: Apr 6, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 6, 2011.
This testimony discusses GAO's recent report entitled "Opportunities to Reduce Potential Duplication in Government Programs, Save Tax Dollars, and Enhance Revenue." This report delineates dozens of areas across government where fragmentation, overlap, and potential duplication merit the attention of Congress and the Administration spanning a range of government missions: agriculture, defense, eco...
Refugee Assistance: Little Is Known about the Effectiveness of Different Approaches for Improving Refugees' Employment Outcomes
GAO-11-369: Published: Mar 31, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2011.
In fiscal year 2009, the United States resettled close to 70,000 refugees fleeing persecution in their homelands. To assist in their transition to the United States and help them attain employment, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) provides temporary cash, medical, and other assistance through four different assistance programs. The economic downturn...
H-1B Visa Program: Multifaceted Challenges Warrant Re-examination of Key Provisions
GAO-11-505T: Published: Mar 31, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2011.
This testimony comments on the H-1B program. Congress created the current H-1B program in 1990 to enable U.S. employers to hire temporary, foreign workers in specialty occupations. The law capped the number of H-1B visas issued per fiscal year at 65,000, although the cap has fluctuated over time with legislative changes. The H-1B cap and the program itself have been a subject of continued controve...
Employment Verification: Federal Agencies Have Improved E-Verify, but Significant Challenges Remain
GAO-11-330T: Published: Feb 10, 2011. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2011.
This testimony discusses the E-Verify program, which provides employers a tool for verifying an employee's authorization to work in the United States. The opportunity for employment is one of the most powerful magnets attracting immigrants to the United States. According to the Pew Hispanic Center, in early 2009 approximately 11 million unauthorized immigrants were living in the country, and an es...
Multiple Employment and Training Programs: Providing Information on Colocating Services and Consolidating Administrative Structures Could Promote Efficiencies
GAO-11-92: Published: Jan 13, 2011. Publicly Released: Feb 9, 2011.
Federally funded employment and training programs play an important role in helping job seekers obtain employment. The Departments of Labor, Education, and Health and Human Services (HHS) largely administer these programs. GAO's objectives were to determine: (1) whether the number of federal employment and training programs and funding for them have changed since our 2003 report, (2) what kinds of...
Employment Verification: Federal Agencies Have Taken Steps to Improve E-Verify, but Significant Challenges Remain
GAO-11-146: Published: Dec 17, 2010. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 2011.
E-Verify is a system to electronically verify work eligibility and operated by the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and the Social Security Administration (SSA). GAO testified in June 2008 that ensuring accuracy and combating fraud were challenges facing E-Verify. As requested, GAO examined the extent to which USCIS and SSA took efforts to (...
H-1B Visa Program: Reforms Are Needed to Minimize the Risks and Costs of Current Program
GAO-11-26: Published: Jan 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 2011.
Congress created the H-1B program in 1990 to enable U.S. employers to hire temporary, foreign workers in specialty occupations. The law capped the number of H-1B visas issued per fiscal year at 65,000. Since then, the cap has fluctuated with legislative changes. Congress asked GAO to assess the impact of the cap on the ability of domestic companies to innovate, while ensuring that U.S. workers are...
K-12 Education: Selected Cases of Public and Private Schools That Hired or Retained Individuals with Histories of Sexual Misconduct
GAO-11-200: Published: Dec 8, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2010.
Prior GAO testimonies have described cases of physical abuse of children at youth residential treatment programs and public and private schools. However, children are also vulnerable to sexual abuse. A 2004 Department of Education report estimated that millions of students are subjected to sexual misconduct by a school employee at some time between kindergarten and the twelfth grade (K-12). GAO wa...