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Employment (101 - 110 of 4,994 items)
Trade Adjustment Assistance: Commerce Program Has Helped Manufacturing and Services Firms, but Measures, Data, and Funding Formula Could Improve
GAO-12-930: Published: Sep 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
Changes to the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) for Firms program mandated by the Trade and Globalization Adjustment Assistance Act led to program improvements and increased participation, but participation declined when the legislative changes lapsed and the program faced funding uncertainty. The changes resulted in reduced time to certify firms, new performance reporting, and increased particip...
Reemployment of Retirees: Six Agencies' Use of Dual Compensation Waiver Authority is Limited
GAO-12-855R: Published: Sep 10, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2012.
In summary, the six agencies we reviewed made very little use of the NDAA waiver authority in fiscal years 2010 and 2011. The Department of Treasury made the most, although still very little, use of the waiver authority in both fiscal years--167 waivers in fiscal year 2010 and 214 waivers in fiscal year 2011. Agency officials told us that their agencies used a combination of NDAA and other waiver...
Veterans' Reemployment Rights: Department of Labor and Office of Special Counsel Need to Take Additional Steps to Ensure Demonstration Project Data Integrity
GAO-12-860R: Published: Sep 10, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2012.
DOL and OSC began the USERRA demonstration project on August 9, 2011, meeting the time frame (within 60 days of our report on the project's design) required by the VBA. From August 9, 2011, to May 9, 2012, DOL has received 87 USERRA demonstration project cases and OSC has received 123 cases. The data reported in this study cover only 9 months of the demonstration project and do not represent the o...
Income Security: Overlapping Disability and Unemployment Benefits Should be Evaluated for Potential Savings
GAO-12-764: Published: Jul 31, 2012. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2012.
In fiscal year 2010, 117,000 individuals received concurrent cash benefit payments from the Disability Insurance (DI) and Unemployment Insurance (UI) programs of more than $850 million, which is allowable in certain circumstances under current program authority. While these individuals represented less than 1 percent of the total beneficiaries of both programs, the cash benefits they received tota...
Mine Safety: Reports and Key Studies Support the Scientific Conclusions Underlying the Proposed Exposure Limit for Respirable Coal Mine Dust
GAO-12-832R: Published: Aug 17, 2012. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2012.
Our evaluation of the reports MSHA used to support its proposal and the key scientific studies on which the reports were based shows that they support the conclusion that lowering the PEL from 2.0 mg/m3 to 1.0 mg/m3 would reduce miners risk of disease. The reports and key studies concluded that miners cumulative exposure to coal mine dust at the current PEL over their working lives pla...
Overseas Rightsizing: State Has Improved the Consistency of Its Approach, but Does Not Follow Up on Its Recommendations
GAO-12-799: Published: Jul 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2012.
The Department of State (State) has improved the consistency of its rightsizing approach across overseas posts. However, differences between future staffing levels it projects are appropriate to meet mission needs and actual staffing levels still exist due to unanticipated events and other factors. GAO reported in 2006 that States Office of Management Policy, Rightsizing and Innovation (M/PR...
Federal Workers: Results of Studies on Federal Pay Varied Due to Differing Methodologies
GAO-12-564: Published: Jun 22, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2012.
Annual pay adjustments for the General Schedule (GS), the pay system covering the majority of federal workers, are either determined through the process specified in the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990 (FEPCA) or set based on percent increases authorized directly by Congress. GS employees receive an across-the-board increase (ranging from 0 to 3.8 percent since FEPCA was implemente...
Department of State: Foreign Service Midlevel Staffing Gaps Persist Despite Significant Increases in Hiring
GAO-12-721: Published: Jun 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2012.
The Department of State (State) faces persistent experience gaps in overseas Foreign Service positions, particularly at the midlevels, and these gaps have not diminished since 2008. In fiscal years 2009 and 2010, State increased the size of the Foreign Service by 17 percent. However, these new hires will not have the experience to reach midlevels until fiscal years 2014 and 2015. GAO found that 28...
Trade Adjustment Assistance: USDA Has Enhanced Technical Assistance for Farmers and Fishermen, but Steps Are Needed to Better Evaluate Program Effectiveness
GAO-12-731: Published: Jul 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2012.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) certified relatively few commodities under its Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) for Farmers program, as reauthorized by the Trade and Globalization Adjustment Assistance Act of 2009, but provided assistance to most individual farmers and fishermen who produced certified commodities and applied for assistance. Specifically, USDA certified 5 of the 18 commo...
Employment for People with Disabilities: Little Is Known about the Effectiveness of Fragmented and Overlapping Programs
GAO-12-677: Published: Jun 29, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2012.
GAO identified 45 programs that supported employment for people with disabilities in fiscal year 2010, reflecting a fragmented system of services. The programs were administered by nine federal agencies and overseen by even more congressional committees. All programs overlapped with at least one other program in that they provided one or more similar employment service to a similar population...