Disadvantaged persons (121 - 130 of 178 items)
Student Aid Information and Private Tuition-Guarantee Programs
T-PEMD-91-6: Published: May 15, 1991. Publicly Released: May 15, 1991.
GAO discussed students' and parents' knowledge of college costs, and federal and private-sector student aid programs. GAO noted that: (1) students and parents had limited knowledge of the cost of attending different kinds of schools, and the availability of student aid; (2) students and parents from low-income families knew more about grants, while those from higher-income families knew more about...
Immigrant Education: Information on the Emergency Immigrant Education Act Program
HRD-91-50: Published: Mar 15, 1991. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1991.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO determined how many: (1) school districts used Emergency Immigrant Education Act of 1984 (EIEA) funds; (2) districts had EIEA-eligible students but received no EIEA funds; and (3) EIEA students participated in other federally funded education programs.GAO found that: (1) school districts used about 80 percent of their EIEA funds to pay for expenses relate...
Refugee Resettlement: Federal Support to the States Has Declined
HRD-91-51: Published: Dec 21, 1990. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the effect of declining federal refugee resettlement assistance to states on California and other states with large refugee populations, focusing on state and local government ability to help refugees become self-sufficient.GAO found that: (1) the federal government has significantly reduced its cash and medical refugee assistance to states since 1...
The Urban Underclass: Disturbing Problems Demanding Attention
HRD-90-52: Published: Sep 1, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 1990.
GAO assessed the development of the urban underclass in the United States.GAO found that: (1) the urban underclass comprised a relatively small percentage of the population, with estimates ranging from less than 2 million, based on the number of able-bodied persistently poor in urban areas, to 5.6 million based on census tracts with high concentrations of disadvantaged families; (2) between 1970 a...
Higher Education: Gaps in Parents' and Students' Knowledge of School Costs and Federal Aid
PEMD-90-20BR: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 29, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed information on students' and parents' knowledge of federal financial aid for higher education and the cost of postsecondary schools.GAO found that: (1) more than 59 percent of ninth graders had received no information about financial aid from their schools; (2) most middle- and low-income parents without children in college lacked information about...
Promising Practice: Private Programs Guaranteeing Student Aid for Higher Education
PEMD-90-16: Published: Jun 22, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined various private-sector organizations which have established guaranteed aid and support programs to help disadvantaged students.GAO found that: (1) the private-sector programs are promising because of their participants' significant efforts, generally plausible program designs, and some early indications of positive results; (2) only modest program...
U.S. and Foreign Strategies for Preparing Noncollege Youth for Employment
T-HRD-90-31: Published: Jun 14, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1990.
GAO discussed the preparation of noncollege youth in the United States and four foreign countries. GAO found that: (1) the United States fails to prepare noncollege youth for employment, equip them with necessary literacy skills, and provide them an effective transition from school to work; (2) 20 percent of young U.S. adults read below the eighth-grade level; (3) many children, primarily from low...
Early Childhood Education: What Are the Costs of High-Quality Programs?
HRD-90-43BR: Published: Jan 24, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the cost of providing high-quality early childhood education, focusing on: (1) the estimated annual average cost per child; (2) a comparison between the annual salaries of public elementary school teachers and early childhood education teachers; and (3) the extent to which costs of a typical early childhood education center vary in response to chan...
Job Training Partnership Act: Youth Participant Characteristics, Services, and Outcomes
HRD-90-46BR: Published: Jan 24, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information regarding the characteristics of youth participating in Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) programs, focusing on youth who were high school graduates or dropouts.GAO found that: (1) of 5,000 surveyed youth participating in 63 JTPA programs, 42 percent of out-of-school youth participants were school dropouts, 53 percent were members of...
Job Training Partnership Act: Information on Set-Aside Funding for Assistance to Older Workers
HRD-90-59FS: Published: Jan 22, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the extent to which states spent their Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) 3-percent funding set-aside to provide employment and training services to economically disadvantaged older workers.GAO found that: (1) although states did not fully expend their set-aside funds, expenditure rates increased from 28 percent in 1984 to 70 percen...