Children with disabilities (1 - 10 of 48 items)
Federal Autism Activities: Agencies Are Encouraging Early Identification and Providing Services, and Recent Actions Could Improve Coordination
GAO-16-446: Published: May 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2016.
Federal agencies have taken various actions to encourage early autism identification and interventions, such as specifically soliciting research in these areas. From fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2015, the departments of Defense (DOD), Education, and Health and Human Services (HHS), awarded about $395 million for research on early identification and interventions for autism.Federal programs...
Special Education: State and Local-Imposed Requirements Complicate Federal Efforts to Reduce Administrative Burden
GAO-16-25: Published: Jan 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2016.
In response to the 2004 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)—the primary federal law governing education of children with disabilities—the Department of Education (Education) attempted to reduce administrative burden by creating pilot programs and publishing model paperwork forms, but states have used these tools sparingly. Specifically, Education created p...
Special Education: More Flexible Spending Requirement Could Mitigate Unintended Consequences While Protecting Services
GAO-16-2: Published: Oct 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 19, 2015.
States reported that nearly all school districts generally met the local maintenance of effort (MOE) spending requirement for special education, but some districts faced challenges for various reasons. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), MOE requires districts to spend at least the same amount on special education services for students with disabilities that they spent in...
Special Education: Improved Performance Measures Could Enhance Oversight of Dispute Resolution
GAO-14-390: Published: Aug 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2014.
From 2004 through 2012, the number of due process hearings—a formal dispute resolution method and a key indicator of serious disputes between parents and school districts under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)— substantially decreased nationwide as a result of steep declines in New York, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia. Officials in these locations largely attri...
Military Dependent Students: Better Oversight Needed to Improve Services for Children with Special Needs
GAO-12-680: Published: Sep 10, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2012.
The Department of Defense (DOD) provides special education services through a complex system that varies by location. Domestically, DOD provides special education mainly within DOD schools. In contrast, DOD schools overseas vary in the types and levels of disabilities they are readily equipped to serve. For example, DOD schools in Ramstein, Germany, are equipped to serve children with severe disab...
Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children: Federal Support for Developing Language and Literacy
GAO-11-357: Published: May 25, 2011. Publicly Released: May 25, 2011.
Deaf and hard of hearing children can face significant challenges developing the language and literacy skills needed to succeed in school and become self-sufficient adults. The federal government supports these children through the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) program, which awards grants to states to develop systems to screen and diagnose newborns and infants for hearing loss a...
Students With Disabilities: More Information and Guidance Could Improve Opportunities in Physical Education and Athletics
GAO-10-519: Published: Jun 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2010.
Research has established that physical activity and participation in athletics provides important health and social benefits for children. Certain federal laws help ensure that kindergarten-12th grade schools provide students with disabilities opportunities to participate in physical education (PE) and extracurricular athletics equal to those of their peers. However, national associations have que...
Teacher Preparation: Multiple Federal Education Offices Support Teacher Preparation for Instructing Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners, but Systematic Departmentwide Coordination Could Enhance This Assistance
GAO-09-573: Published: Jul 20, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 19, 2009.
In 2005-2006, students with disabilities comprised 9 percent of the student population in the United States, and English language learners comprised about 10 percent. Many of these students spend a majority of their time in the general classroom setting in elementary and secondary schools. Most teachers are initially trained through teacher preparation programs at institutions of higher education...
Seclusions and Restraints: Selected Cases of Death and Abuse at Public and Private Schools and Treatment Centers
GAO-09-719T: Published: May 19, 2009. Publicly Released: May 19, 2009.
GAO recently testified before the Committee regarding allegations of death and abuse at residential programs for troubled teens. Recent reports indicate that vulnerable children are being abused in other settings. For example, one report on the use of restraints and seclusions in schools documented cases where students were pinned to the floor for hours at a time, handcuffed, locked in closets, an...
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Education Should Provide Additional Guidance to Help States Smoothly Transition Children to Preschool
GAO-06-26: Published: Dec 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2005.
Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was established to ensure that infants and toddlers with disabilities, from birth to age 3, and their families receive appropriate early intervention services. Within the Department of Education (Education), the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is responsible for awarding and monitoring grants to states for Part C accordin...