Aid for education (71 - 80 of 249 items)
Head Start: Increased Percentage of Teachers Nationwide Have Required Degrees, but Better Information on Classroom Teachers' Qualifications Needed
GAO-04-5: Published: Oct 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 1, 2003.
The 1998 Head Start Act mandated that 50 percent of all Head Start teachers nationwide have a minimum of an associate degree in early childhood education, or, in a related field with preschool teaching experience, by September 30, 2003. This law also required that each classroom in center-based programs (those that primarily provide services in classroom settings) without such a degreed teacher ha...
Head Start: Curriculum Use and Individual Child Assessment in Cognitive and Language Development
GAO-03-1049: Published: Sep 12, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2003.
To enhance Head Start's contribution to the school readiness of children from low-income families, the 1998 amendments to the Head Start Act provided for updating the Head Start performance standards to ensure that when children leave the program, they have the basic skills needed to start school. Head Start's performance standards for education and early childhood development require that the pro...
Bureau of Indian Affairs Schools: Expenditures in Selected Schools are Comparable to Similar Public Schools, But Data Are Insufficient to Judge Adequacy of Funding and Formulas
GAO-03-955: Published: Sep 4, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 4, 2003.
In 2001, Congress directed GAO to examine the adequacy of Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) school funding and the adequacy of the formulas employed by BIA to distribute various types of operating funds. Because there is no universally accepted standard for adequacy, for this report, GAO examined (1) the sources and amounts of federal funding provided for BIA schools and how they are determined, (2)...
Charter Schools: New Charter Schools Across the Country and in the District of Columbia Face Similar Start-Up Challenges
GAO-03-899: Published: Aug 29, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 2003.
As of the 2002-2003 school year, nearly 2,700 charter schools operated in 36 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Charter schools are public schools that are exempt from certain state and local regulations in exchange for agreeing to certain student performance goals. To increase their understanding of problems faced during the start-up process, Congress included a provision in the O...
Education and Care: Head Start Key Among Array of Early Childhood Programs, but National Research on Effectiveness Not Completed
GAO-03-840T: Published: Jul 22, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2003.
The federal government invests over $11 billion in early childhood education and care programs. These programs exist to ensure that children from low-income families are better prepared to enter school and that their parents have access to early childhood education and care that allow them to obtain and maintain employment. The federal government invests more in Head Start, which was funded at $6...
No Child Left Behind Act: More Information Would Help States Determine Which Teachers Are Highly Qualified
GAO-03-631: Published: Jul 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2003.
In December 2001, Congress passed the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA). The act required that all teachers of core subjects be highly qualified by the end of the 2005-06 school year and provided funding to help states and districts meet the requirement. In general, the act requires that teachers have a bachelor's degree, meet full state certification, and demonstrate subject area knowledge for eve...
Flexibility Demonstration Programs: Education Needs to Better Target Program Information
GAO-03-691: Published: Jun 9, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2003.
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA) has focused national attention on increasing accountability for states and school districts to improve student achievement. While increasing accountability, NCLBA also provided states and school districts with additional flexibility. The act established two flexibility demonstration programs--State- and Local-Flex--which allow up to 7 states and 80 scho...
Student Financial Aid: Monitoring Aid Greater Than Federally Defined Need Could Help Address Student Loan Indebtedness
GAO-03-508: Published: Apr 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2003.
Over half of the $80.4 billion in financial aid provided to college students in the 2000-01 school year came from the federal government in the form of grants and loans provided under Title IV of the Higher Education Act (HEA). To help finance their education, students and families may have received other funds from states, private groups or lenders, and/or the schools themselves. We initiated thi...
Title I: Although Definitions of Administrative Expenditures Vary, Almost All Districts Studied Spent Less Than 10 Percent on Administration
GAO-03-386: Published: Apr 7, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2003.
Because of concern about school district spending on administration, Congress directed GAO in two separate mandates in the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 to (1) examine how school districts defined and spent Title I funds on administrative activities and (2) review Title I expenditures in at least six school districts. In response to these mandates, we are reporting on (1) how five studies defi...
Disadvantaged Students: Fiscal Oversight of Title I Could Be Improved
GAO-03-377: Published: Feb 28, 2003. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2003.
New resources for education come at a time when states are struggling to address budget shortfalls. Two provisions in Title I--maintenance of effort (MOE) and supplement not supplant (SNS)--are designed to limit the extent to which federal funds could be used to replace state and local resources. To assess the quality of oversight of these provisions, GAO determined (1) how 6 states--Arizona, Cali...