Emergency preparedness (11 - 20 of 38 items)
Emergency Management Assistance Compact: Enhancing EMAC's Collaborative and Administrative Capacity Should Improve National Disaster Response
GAO-07-854: Published: Jun 29, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2007.
The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) is a collaborative arrangement among member states that provides a legal framework for requesting resources. Working alongside federal players, including the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the National Guard Bureau, EMAC members deployed an unprecedented level of assistance in response to hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Although EMAC...
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Federal Actions Could Enhance Preparedness of Certain State-Administered Federal Support Programs
GAO-07-219: Published: Feb 7, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2007.
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita displaced over 1 million people and affected some of the poorest areas of the country. Many of those affected by the hurricanes received federal assistance from the Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (Social Security), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Food Stamp, Unemployment Insurance (UI), and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs before...
Catastrophic Disasters: Enhanced Leadership, Capabilities, and Accountability Controls Will Improve the Effectiveness of the Nation's Preparedness, Response, and Recovery System
GAO-06-618: Published: Sep 6, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2006.
Hurricane Katrina was the largest, most destructive natural disaster in our nation's history. The problems experienced in responding to Katrina resulted in a number of investigations--by congressional committees, the White House Homeland Security Council, and others--regarding the preparations for and response to Katrina. GAO assisted the congressional investigations and, under the Comptroller Gen...
Chemical Weapons: FEMA and Army Must Be Proactive in Preparing States for Emergencies
GAO-01-850: Published: Aug 13, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2001.
Millions of people who live and work near eight Army storage facilities containing 30,000 tons of chemical agents are at risk of exposure from a chemical accident. In 1988, the Army established the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) to assist 10 states with communities near these eight storage facilities. The Army and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) share the...
Combating Terrorism: FEMA Continues to Make Progress in Coordinating Preparedness and Response
GAO-01-15: Published: Mar 20, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 20, 2001.
GAO reviewed the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) actions to improve its capabilities to respond to terrorist incidents based on its response to lessons learned from the Oklahoma City bombing, requirements in Presidential Decision Directives 39 and 62, and its own guidance. Specifically, GAO determined the extent to which FEMA has (1) incorporated the lessons learned from the aftermath...
Disaster Assistance: FEMA Can Improve Its Cost-Effectiveness Determinations for Mitigation Grants
T-RCED-99-274: Published: Aug 4, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed how the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), in conjunction with the states, ensures the cost-effectiveness of projects funded under the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program.GAO noted that: (1) the states and FEMA work together, using different approaches, to help ensure that hazard mitigation grants are awarded for cost-effective projects; (2)...
Disaster Assistance: Opportunities to Improve Cost-Effectiveness Determinations for Mitigation Grants
RCED-99-236: Published: Aug 4, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 1999.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed how the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), in conjunction with the states, ensures the cost-effectiveness of projects funded under the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, focusing on: (1) the approaches FEMA and the states use to ensure that program grants are targeted to cost-effective mitigation projects; and (2) whether the approaches en...
Disaster Assistance: Information on Federal Costs and Approaches for Reducing Them
T-RCED-98-139: Published: Mar 26, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed several approaches for lowering the costs of federal disaster assistance, focusing on: (1) the components and magnitude of federal disaster assistance costs; and (2) approaches that could potentially lower those costs in the future.GAO noted that: (1) federal disaster assistance costs billions of dollars annually; (2) according to data compiled fo...
Disaster Assistance: Information on Expenditures and Proposals to Improve Effectiveness and Reduce Future Costs
T-RCED-95-140: Published: Mar 16, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 1995.
GAO discussed federal disaster assistance, focusing on: (1) ways to enhance the effectiveness of federal disaster programs; (2) proposals to modify disaster assistance policy to lower future federal costs; and (3) the accuracy of financial information in the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Disaster Relief Fund. GAO noted that: (1) greater flexibility by FEMA in providing grant funding...
GAO Work on Disaster Assistance
RCED-94-293R: Published: Aug 31, 1994. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) summarized its work related to federal disaster assistance; and (2) provided information on federal agencies' responses to its prior recommendations. GAO noted that in response to its recommendations: (1) the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has required states to upgrade their responses to catastrophic disasters, assisted local, state, and f...