Program evaluation (21 - 30 of 364 items)
Community Development Block Grants: Entitlement Communities' and States' Methods of Distributing Funds Reflect Program Flexibility
GAO-10-1011: Published: Sep 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2010.
The Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (act) creating the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program provides entitlement communities (metropolitan cities and urban counties) and states with significant discretion in how they distribute funds for eligible activities. Because of this discretion, entitlement communities may use a variety of processes to select individual projects an...
Natural Catastrophe Insurance Coverage Remains a Challenge for State Programs
GAO-10-568R: Published: May 17, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2010.
Natural catastrophes can adversely affect U.S. residents and businesses by causing extensive property damage. The 2005 hurricanes and other recent natural disasters have had significant effects on the cost of obtaining insurance against such risks, especially in high-risk areas. As private market insurers have raised their premium rates, an increased number of residents have obtained coverage thro...
U.S. Tsunami Preparedness: NOAA Has Expanded Its Tsunami Programs, but Improved Planning Could Enhance Effectiveness
GAO-10-490: Published: Apr 28, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2010.
In June 2006, GAO reported a number of concerns about the level of U.S. tsunami preparedness. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) leads U.S. efforts through three key programs: the Tsunami Program, which focuses on detection and warning activities; the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP), which is a partnership with federal and state agencies focusing on hazar...
National Flood Insurance Program: Continued Actions Needed to Address Financial and Operational Issues
GAO-10-631T: Published: Apr 21, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2010.
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), established in 1968, provides policyholders with insurance coverage for flood damage. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) within the Department of Homeland Security is responsible for managing NFIP. Unprecedented losses from the 2005 hurricane season and NFIP's periodic need to borrow from the U.S. Treasury to pay flood insurance claims have...
Revitalization Programs: Empowerment Zones, Enterprise Communities, and Renewal Communities
GAO-10-464R: Published: Mar 12, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2010.
Beginning in 1993 and in subsequent legislation in 1997, 1999, and 2000, Congress established the Empowerment Zone (EZ), Enterprise Community (EC), and Renewal Community (RC) programs to reduce unemployment and generate economic growth in selected Census tracts. Urban and rural communities designated as EZs, ECs, or RCs received grants, tax incentives, or a combination of both to stimulate communi...
Update on the Status of the Merchantable Timber Contracting Pilot Program
GAO-10-379R: Published: Mar 4, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2010.
Counties containing federal lands have historically received a percentage of the receipts generated by the sale or use of natural resources on the federal lands. A steep decline in federal timber sales during the 1990s, however, resulted in a significant decrease in federal payments to counties that previously depended on timber receipts. The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination A...
Financial Management: Improvements Needed in National Flood Insurance Program's Financial Controls and Oversight
GAO-10-66: Published: Dec 22, 2009. Publicly Released: Jan 21, 2010.
Due to the federal government's role as guarantor, floods impose an enormous potential financial burden on the federal government. Consequently, decision makers at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the Congress need accurate and timely financial information to assess the effectiveness of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). This...
Disaster Assistance: Improvements in Providing Federal Disaster Case Management Services Could Help Agencies Better Assist Victims
GAO-10-278T: Published: Dec 2, 2009. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2009.
As a result of the damage caused by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005, the federal government funded several disaster case management programs. These programs help victims access services for disaster-related needs. This testimony addresses the following questions: 1) How did the federal government support disaster case management programs after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, and how did federal a...
Fire Grants: FEMA Has Met Most Requirements for Awarding Fire Grants, but Additional Actions Would Improve Its Grant Process
GAO-10-64: Published: Oct 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2009.
The Department of Homeland Security, through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), awards grants to fire departments and other organizations for equipment, staffing, and other needs. As of July 2009, FEMA had received about 25,000 and 22,000 applications for its fiscal years 2007 and 2008 fire grant programs, respectively, and had awarded more than 5,000 grants in both years. GAO was con...
Emergency Management: Preliminary Observations on FEMA's Community Preparedness Programs Related to the National Preparedness System
GAO-10-105T: Published: Oct 1, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 1, 2009.
By preparing their families and property before an event, individuals can reduce a disaster's impact on them and their need for first responder assistance, particularly in the first 72 hours following a disaster. By law, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), located in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), is to develop a national preparedness system (NPS)--FEMA includes community p...