Flood insurance (1 - 10 of 105 items) in Custom Date Range
Flood Insurance: FEMA Needs to Address Data Quality and Consider Company Characteristics When Revising Its Compensation Methodology
GAO-17-36: Published: Dec 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 2017.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has yet to revise its compensation practices for Write-Your-Own (WYO) companies to reflect actual expenses as required by the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 (Biggert-Waters Act), and as GAO recommended in 2009. FEMA continues to rely on insurance industry expense information for other lines of property insurance to set compensation...
Flood Insurance: Review of FEMA Study and Report on Community-Based Options
GAO-16-766: Published: Aug 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) used reasonable objectives and methodology for its study on community-based flood insurance (CBFI)—flood insurance that a community would purchase to cover all properties located within it. FEMA contracted with the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to conduct the study, and worked with NAS to design a study that would provide a high-level, independ...
Flood Insurance: Potential Barriers Cited to Increased Use of Private Insurance
GAO-16-611: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
Lenders and their regulators have taken some action to implement provisions on private flood insurance in the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 (Biggert-Waters Act). Specifically, lenders told GAO they send notifications to borrowers that encourage borrowers to compare private and National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policies. Lenders with whom GAO spoke accepted private policie...
National Flood Insurance Program: Continued Progress Needed to Fully Address Prior GAO Recommendations on Rate-Setting Methods
GAO-16-59: Published: Mar 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) sets National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) full-risk rates using a model that includes some characteristics of catastrophe models used by private insurers. In particular, both models assess flood probability and damage to estimate potential flood losses. Like private insurers, NFIP also uses variables specific to each structure in estimating the deg...
National Flood Insurance Program: Options for Providing Affordability Assistance
GAO-16-190: Published: Feb 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
Options for targeting assistance to subsidized policyholders of primary residences who may experience difficulty paying full-risk rates for their National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policies include means testing assistance based on the income level of policyholders or geographic areas, setting premium caps, and basing assistance on the cost of mitigating the risk of damage to their homes. Cur...
Flood Insurance: Status of FEMA's Implementation of the Biggert-Waters Act, as Amended
GAO-15-178: Published: Feb 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 2015.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has established some practices for managing its implementation of required changes under the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act (Biggert-Waters Act), as amended by the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act (HFIAA). Consistent with related federal internal control standards, FEMA has collaborated with stakeholders on prioritizing legislati...
Flood Insurance: Forgone Premiums Cannot Be Measured and FEMA Should Validate and Monitor Data System Changes
GAO-15-111: Published: Dec 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2014.
The actual forgone premiums—the difference between subsidized and full-risk premiums—to the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) due to subsidies cannot be measured. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) does not collect flood risk information for all subsidized policies, which is needed to calculate their full-risk premium rates. GAO recommended in July 2013 that FEMA develop and...
National Flood Insurance Program: Additional Guidance on Building Requirements to Mitigate Agricultural Structures' Damage in High-Risk Areas Is Needed
GAO-14-583: Published: Jun 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2014.
The effects of the National Flood Insurance Program's (NFIP) building requirements for elevating or flood-proofing agricultural structures in high-risk areas varied across selected communities, according to interviews GAO conducted with floodplain managers and farmers. Specifically:Floodplain managers and 12 farmers in selected rural communities with whom GAO spoke in Louisiana, North Carolina, an...
Disaster Resilience: Actions Are Underway, but Federal Fiscal Exposure Highlights the Need for Continued Attention to Longstanding Challenges
GAO-14-603T: Published: May 14, 2014. Publicly Released: May 14, 2014.
GAO has identified various challenges to resilience building—actions to help prepare and plan for, absorb, recover from, and more successfully adapt to adapt to adverse events including those caused by extreme weather. These include challenges for communities in balancing hazard mitigation investments with economic development goals, challenges for individuals in understanding and acting to limi...
Overview of GAO's Past Work on the National Flood Insurance Program
GAO-14-297R: Published: Apr 9, 2014. Publicly Released: May 9, 2014.
Over the past 11 years, GAO has identified a variety of challenges facing the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and has made numerous recommendations to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to improve its administration of the program. FEMA has generally agreed with GAO's recommendations and has taken steps to address them. However, FEMA has not fully addressed all of the issues we...