Communities (1 - 10 of 117 items)
Community Development Block Grants: Sources of Data on Community Income Are Limited
GAO-16-734: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) and states' primary method for communities to demonstrate eligibility when they disagree with HUD's eligibility determination is to allow communities to conduct their own local income surveys to show that they meet the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) income threshold. HUD instructs small communities, known as nonentitlement communiti...
Disaster Resilience: Actions Are Underway, but Federal Fiscal Exposure Highlights the Need for Continued Attention to Longstanding Challenges
GAO-14-603T: Published: May 14, 2014. Publicly Released: May 14, 2014.
GAO has identified various challenges to resilience building—actions to help prepare and plan for, absorb, recover from, and more successfully adapt to adapt to adverse events including those caused by extreme weather. These include challenges for communities in balancing hazard mitigation investments with economic development goals, challenges for individuals in understanding and acting to limi...
The Distribution of Federal Economic Development Grants to Communities with High Rates of Poverty and Unemployment
GAO-12-938R: Published: Sep 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2012.
The distribution of grant funding per person in poverty in cities was not consistently aligned with overall poverty rates. Most cities, with the exception of those cities with the highest poverty rates, received roughly the same amount of economic development funding per person living in poverty. Further, when we examined how grant funds are distributed to cities based on their unemployment rates,...
Bus Rapid Transit: Projects Improve Transit Service and Can Contribute to Economic Development
GAO-12-811: Published: Jul 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2012.
U.S. bus rapid transit (BRT) projects we reviewed include features that distinguished BRT from standard bus service and improved riders experience. However, few of the projects (5 of 20) used dedicated or semi-dedicated lanes a feature commonly associated with BRT and included in international systems to reduce travel time and attract riders. Project sponsors and planners explained tha...
HUD Has Identified Performance Measures for Its Block Grant Programs, but Information on Impact Is Limited
GAO-12-575R: Published: May 15, 2012. Publicly Released: May 15, 2012.
Information on the overall effectiveness (or impact) of the CDBG and HOME programs is limited. According to HUD officials, the agency has faced challenges in evaluating the impact of CDBG and HOME because, among other things, such an evaluation would have to compare neighborhoods that received program assistance with those that did not. Our previous work has also identified the difficulties of eva...
HUD and Treasury Programs: More Information on Leverage Measures' Accuracy and Linkage to Program Goals Is Needed in Assessing Performance
GAO-08-136: Published: Jan 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 2008.
This is the second of two reports on the leveraging of federal funds in housing and community and economic development programs. Leveraging involves using a source of funds to attract other funds or combining multiple sources of funds. This report examines (1) the leverage measures and the transparency of the data and methods used to calculate them, and (2) the relevance of such measures in assess...
Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community Program: Improvements Occurred in Communities, but the Effect of the Program Is Unclear
GAO-06-727: Published: Sep 22, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2006.
The Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community (EZ/EC) program is one of the most recent large-scale federal effort intended to revitalize impoverished urban and rural communities. There have been three rounds of EZs and two rounds of ECs, all of which are scheduled to end no later than December 2009. The Community Renewal Tax Relief Act of 2000 mandated that GAO audit and report in 2004, 2007, and 201...
Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community Program: Survey of Round I Federal Enterprise Communities
GAO-06-734SP: Published: Sep 22, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2006.
This document presents the results of GAO's survey of federal Enterprise Communities (EC) that were designated in the first round of the Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community program in 1994. Round I ECs received $2.95 million in program grants and businesses in the ECs could use a program tax-exempt bond. The purpose of our survey was to collect data describing how Round I ECs implemented the...
Community Development: Federal Revitalization Programs Are Being Implemented, but Data on the Use of Tax Benefits Are Limited
GAO-04-306: Published: Mar 5, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2004.
Congress established the Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community (EZ/EC) program in 1993 and the Renewal Community (RC) program in 2000 to provide assistance to the nation's distressed communities. To date, Congress has authorized three rounds of EZs, two rounds of ECs, and one round of RCs. The Community Renewal Tax Relief Act of 2000 mandated that GAO audit and report in 2004, 2007, and 2010 o...
Community Investment: Information on Selected Facilities That Received Environmental Permits
GAO-02-479: Published: May 31, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2002.
Industrial facilities that operate under permits regulating some emissions and discharges have been the subject of complaints from community groups and environmental activists who charge that the facilities expose the surrounding communities to greater environmental risk than the general population. In response, the facilities point out that they contribute to the economic growth of the surroundin...