Natural disasters (1 - 10 of 59 items)
Federal Disaster Assistance: Federal Departments and Agencies Obligated at Least $277.6 Billion during Fiscal Years 2005 through 2014
GAO-16-797: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
During fiscal years 2005 through 2014, the federal government obligated at least $277.6 billion across 17 federal departments and agencies for disaster assistance programs and activities. This estimate constitutes total obligations identifiable to disaster activities across three categories: the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Disaster Relief Fund (DRF), disaster-specific programs and...
Flood Insurance: Review of FEMA Study and Report on Community-Based Options
GAO-16-766: Published: Aug 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) used reasonable objectives and methodology for its study on community-based flood insurance (CBFI)—flood insurance that a community would purchase to cover all properties located within it. FEMA contracted with the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to conduct the study, and worked with NAS to design a study that would provide a high-level, independ...
Budgeting for Disasters: Approaches to Budgeting for Disasters in Selected States
GAO-15-424: Published: Mar 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2015.
The 10 selected states in GAO's review—Alaska, California, Florida, Indiana, Missouri, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Vermont, and West Virginia—had established budget mechanisms to ensure the availability of funding for the immediate costs of unforeseen disasters and the ongoing costs of past disasters. All 10 states provided disaster funds at the start of the fiscal year and then as neede...
Hurricane Sandy: FEMA Has Improved Disaster Aid Verification but Could Act to Further Limit Improper Assistance
GAO-15-15: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2014.
By implementing new controls since the mid-2000s, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) improved its ability to detect improper and potentially fraudulent payments, but GAO identified continued weaknesses in the agency's validation of Social Security numbers, among other things. As of August 2014, FEMA stated that it had provided over $1.4 billion in Hurricane Sandy assistance through its...
Extreme Weather Events: Limiting Federal Fiscal Exposure and Increasing the Nation's Resilience
GAO-14-364T: Published: Feb 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2014.
The federal government has opportunities to limit its exposure and increase the nation's resilience to extreme weather events. Since 1980, the U.S. has experienced 151 weather disasters with damages exceeding 1 billion dollars each. This testimony focuses on 4 areas where the government could limit its fiscal exposure.Property and crop insurance. The financial risks from two federal insurance prog...
Disaster Assistance: USDA and SBA Could Do More to Help Aquaculture and Nursery Producers
GAO-12-844: Published: Sep 11, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) and the Small Business Administration (SBA) have 10 disaster assistance programs that small agricultural producers and businesses that support agriculture can use to recover from natural disasters. These programs serve largely different populations but leave few gaps in the disaster assistance available to most small agricultura...
Disaster Recovery: Federal Contracting in the Aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita
GAO-11-942T: Published: Sep 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2011.
This testimony discusses small business participation in Gulf Coast rebuilding after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Federal agencies directly awarded $20.5 billion in contracts nationwide between fiscal years 2005 and 2011 for recovery efforts related to these hurricanes. These contracts are subject to federal procurement regulations and, in most cases, are generally subject to certain goals to incr...
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Federally Funded Programs Have Helped to Address the Needs of Gulf Coast Small Businesses, but Agency Data on Subcontracting Are Incomplete
GAO-10-723: Published: Jul 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 2010.
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita wreaked havoc on small businesses in the Gulf Coast, and much federal assistance has been provided to help these businesses. GAO was asked to describe (1) the amount of assistance provided to Gulf Coast small businesses through the Small Business Administration's (SBA) disaster and Gulf Opportunity (GO) loans, state-administered business assistance programs funded by th...
Natural Catastrophe Insurance Coverage Remains a Challenge for State Programs
GAO-10-568R: Published: May 17, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2010.
Natural catastrophes can adversely affect U.S. residents and businesses by causing extensive property damage. The 2005 hurricanes and other recent natural disasters have had significant effects on the cost of obtaining insurance against such risks, especially in high-risk areas. As private market insurers have raised their premium rates, an increased number of residents have obtained coverage thro...
Disaster Recovery: FEMA's Long-term Assistance Was Helpful to State and Local Governments but Had Some Limitations
GAO-10-404: Published: Mar 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2010.
The administration is developing the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) in order to enhance the nation's ability to deliver recovery assistance. The Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Long-Term Community Recovery Branch (LTCR) is responsible for leading a network of primarily federal agencies, known as ESF-14, that supports long-term recovery. LTCR's experiences offer potential...