Disaster relief aid (11 - 20 of 225 items)
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Oversight of Administrative Costs for Major Disasters
GAO-15-65: Published: Dec 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2014.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) obligated $12.7 billion from the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) for its administrative costs from fiscal years 2004 through 2013 and has taken some steps to reduce and better control these costs. This $12.7 billion represents 13 percent of the $95.2 billion obligated from the DRF for the 650 major disasters declared during this time frame. FEMA's average...
Hurricane Sandy: FEMA Has Improved Disaster Aid Verification but Could Act to Further Limit Improper Assistance
GAO-15-15: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2014.
By implementing new controls since the mid-2000s, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) improved its ability to detect improper and potentially fraudulent payments, but GAO identified continued weaknesses in the agency's validation of Social Security numbers, among other things. As of August 2014, FEMA stated that it had provided over $1.4 billion in Hurricane Sandy assistance through its...
Small Business Administration: Additional Steps Needed to Help Ensure More Timely Disaster Assistance
GAO-14-760: Published: Sep 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 23, 2014.
Following Hurricane Sandy, the Small Business Administration (SBA) did not meet its timeliness goal for processing business loan applications. From application receipt to loan decision, SBA took an average of 45 days to process physical business disaster loans and 38 days for economic injury loans, both of which exceed SBA's 21-day application processing goal. SBA said it was challenged by an unex...
National Flood Insurance Program: Additional Guidance on Building Requirements to Mitigate Agricultural Structures' Damage in High-Risk Areas Is Needed
GAO-14-583: Published: Jun 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2014.
The effects of the National Flood Insurance Program's (NFIP) building requirements for elevating or flood-proofing agricultural structures in high-risk areas varied across selected communities, according to interviews GAO conducted with floodplain managers and farmers. Specifically:Floodplain managers and 12 farmers in selected rural communities with whom GAO spoke in Louisiana, North Carolina, an...
Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response
GAO-14-512: Published: May 28, 2014. Publicly Released: May 28, 2014.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) is in the process of allocating, obligating, and disbursing the $13 billion appropriated by the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013 (DRAA) for surface transportation relief. Most of the DRAA surface transportation funds—over $10 billion—were appropriated to the Federal Transit Administration's (FTA) new Public Transportation Emergency Relief Program...
Extreme Weather Events: Limiting Federal Fiscal Exposure and Increasing the Nation's Resilience
GAO-14-364T: Published: Feb 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2014.
The federal government has opportunities to limit its exposure and increase the nation's resilience to extreme weather events. Since 1980, the U.S. has experienced 151 weather disasters with damages exceeding 1 billion dollars each. This testimony focuses on 4 areas where the government could limit its fiscal exposure.Property and crop insurance. The financial risks from two federal insurance prog...
Flood Insurance: Strategies for Increasing Private Sector Involvement
GAO-14-127: Published: Jan 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2014.
According to stakeholders with whom GAO spoke, several conditions must be present to increase private sector involvement in the sale of flood insurance. First, insurers need to be able to accurately assess risk to determine premium rates. For example, stakeholders told GAO that access to National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policy and claims data and upcoming improvements in private sector comp...
Hurricane Sandy Relief: Improved Guidance on Designing Internal Control Plans Could Enhance Oversight of Disaster Funding
GAO-14-58: Published: Nov 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 26, 2013.
In response to the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013, agencies prepared Hurricane Sandy disaster relief internal control plans based on Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance but did not consistently apply the guidance in preparing these plans. OMB Memorandum M-13-07 (M-13-07), Accountability for Funds Provided by the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, directed federal agencies to...
National Preparedness: Actions Taken by FEMA to Implement Select Provisions of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006
GAO-14-99R: Published: Nov 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 26, 2013.
In summary, GAO found that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) reported taking various actions to address each of the five provisions of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (Post-Katrina Act) that GAO reviewed.6 U.S.C. 319 (b)(2)(C): In response to this provision--which requires FEMA to revise the Catastrophic Incident Annex (the Annex) to the National Response Plan...
Disaster Assistance: USDA and SBA Could Do More to Help Aquaculture and Nursery Producers
GAO-12-844: Published: Sep 11, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) and the Small Business Administration (SBA) have 10 disaster assistance programs that small agricultural producers and businesses that support agriculture can use to recover from natural disasters. These programs serve largely different populations but leave few gaps in the disaster assistance available to most small agricultura...