Economic development (1 - 10 of 90 items)
Community Development Block Grants: Sources of Data on Community Income Are Limited
GAO-16-734: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) and states' primary method for communities to demonstrate eligibility when they disagree with HUD's eligibility determination is to allow communities to conduct their own local income surveys to show that they meet the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) income threshold. HUD instructs small communities, known as nonentitlement communiti...
Community Development Block Grants: Reporting on Compliance with Limit on Funds Used for Administration Can Be Improved
GAO-13-247: Published: Mar 21, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 2013.
The annual appropriation for the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program allows grantees to use up to 20 percent of program funds for planning, management, and administration (collectively referred to as "administration"). Specifically, grantees may use these funds for a range of activities, including general management, oversight, and coordination; fair housing activities; preparing comm...
HUD Has Identified Performance Measures for Its Block Grant Programs, but Information on Impact Is Limited
GAO-12-575R: Published: May 15, 2012. Publicly Released: May 15, 2012.
Information on the overall effectiveness (or impact) of the CDBG and HOME programs is limited. According to HUD officials, the agency has faced challenges in evaluating the impact of CDBG and HOME because, among other things, such an evaluation would have to compare neighborhoods that received program assistance with those that did not. Our previous work has also identified the difficulties of eva...
Community Development: Limited Information on the Use and Effectiveness of Tax Expenditures Could Be Mitigated through Congressional Attention
GAO-12-262: Published: Feb 29, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2012.
GAO identified 23 community development tax expenditures available in fiscal year 2010. For example, five ($1.5 billion) targeted economically distressed areas, and nine ($8.7 billion) supported specific activities such as rehabilitating structures for business use. The design of each community development tax expenditure appears to overlap with that of at least one other tax expenditure in terms...
New Markets Tax Credit: Minority Entities Are Less Successful in Obtaining Awards Than Non-Minority Entities
GAO-09-795T: Published: Jun 18, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2009.
The Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund in the Department of the Treasury has awarded $21 billion of the $26 billion in New Markets Tax Credits (NMTC) authorized to be awarded to Community Development Entities (CDE) between 2001 and 2009. CDEs use the NMTC to make qualified investments in low-income communities. Recent congressional interest has focused on participation by min...
New Markets Tax Credit: Minority Entities Are Less Successful in Obtaining Awards Than Non-Minority Entitities
GAO-09-536: Published: Apr 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2009.
The Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund in the Department of the Treasury has awarded $19.5 billion of the $26 billion in New Markets Tax Credits (NMTC) it is authorized to award through 2009 to encourage investment in low-income communities. The NMTC allows investors to claim a tax credit in exchange for investing in Community Development Entities (CDE) that reinvest the fund...
Rural Economic Development: Collaboration between SBA and USDA Could Be Improved
GAO-08-1123: Published: Sep 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2008.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) and the Rural Development offices of the U.S. Department of Agriculture both work in rural areas to foster economic development by promoting entrepreneurship and community development. This report discusses (1) the complementary nature of some SBA and Rural Development programs and the extent to which it provides a rationale for the agencies to collaborate,...
Small Business Administration: Preliminary Views on Increasing Collaboration with Department of Agriculture Rural Development Offices
GAO-08-278T: Published: Nov 14, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2007.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) and Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Development offices share a mission of attending to underserved markets, promoting economic development, and improving the quality of life in America through the promotion of entrepreneurship and community development. In the past, these agencies have had cooperative working relationships to help manage their respec...
Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community Program: Improvements Occurred in Communities, but the Effect of the Program Is Unclear
GAO-06-727: Published: Sep 22, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2006.
The Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community (EZ/EC) program is one of the most recent large-scale federal effort intended to revitalize impoverished urban and rural communities. There have been three rounds of EZs and two rounds of ECs, all of which are scheduled to end no later than December 2009. The Community Renewal Tax Relief Act of 2000 mandated that GAO audit and report in 2004, 2007, and 201...
Alaska Native Villages: Recent Federal Assistance Exceeded $3 Billion, with Most Provided to Regional Nonprofits
GAO-05-719: Published: Aug 2, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 2005.
This report responds to section 112, Division B, of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2004, which directs GAO to review federal programs benefiting rural communities in Alaska. After discussions with congressional staff, GAO agreed to examine federal programs benefiting Alaska Native villages. Specifically, this report (1) provides information on the amount of federal assistance provided to A...