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Economic Development (111 - 120 of 3,036 items)
FEMA Flood Maps: Some Standards and Processes in Place to Promote Map Accuracy and Outreach, but Opportunities Exist to Address Implementation Challenges
GAO-11-17: Published: Dec 2, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2010.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), a component of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), maps flood hazard areas across the country and makes flood insurance available to more than 20,100 communities through the National Flood Insurance Program. From 2003 through 2008, FEMA spent $1.2 billion in a comprehensive effort to update the nation's flood insurance maps. In 2009, FEMA bega...
FEMA Has Made Limited Progress in Efforts to Develop and Implement a System to Assess National Preparedness Capabilities
GAO-11-51R: Published: Oct 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2010.
This letter responds to a mandate in the conference report to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Appropriations Act, 2010. In accordance with the direction in that report and in consultation with congressional staff, we provided interim oral briefings in March and July 2010 and are reporting the results of our final briefing on the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to ass...
Disaster Response: Criteria for Developing and Validating Effective Response Plans
GAO-10-969T: Published: Sep 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2010.
Among the lessons learned from the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina was that effective disaster response requires planning followed by the execution of training and exercises to validate those plans. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is responsible for disaster response planning. This testimony focuses on (1) criteria for effective disaster response planning established in FEMA's Nation...
National Flood Insurance Program: Continued Actions Needed to Address Financial and Operational Issues
GAO-10-1063T: Published: Sep 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2010.
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), established in 1968, provides policyholders with insurance coverage for flood damage. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) within the Department of Homeland Security is responsible for managing NFIP. Unprecedented losses from the 2005 hurricane season and NFIP's periodic need to borrow from the U.S. Treasury to pay flood insurance claims have...
Community Development Block Grants: Entitlement Communities' and States' Methods of Distributing Funds Reflect Program Flexibility
GAO-10-1011: Published: Sep 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2010.
The Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (act) creating the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program provides entitlement communities (metropolitan cities and urban counties) and states with significant discretion in how they distribute funds for eligible activities. Because of this discretion, entitlement communities may use a variety of processes to select individual projects an...
Hurricane Recovery: Federal Government Provided a Range of Assistance to Nonprofits following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita
GAO-10-800: Published: Jul 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2010.
Residents of the Gulf Coast continue to struggle to recover almost 5 years after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita devastated the area in August and September of 2005. In many cases the federal government coordinates with, and provides support to, nonprofit organizations in order to deliver recovery assistance to impacted residents. A better understanding of how the federal government works with nonprof...
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Federally Funded Programs Have Helped to Address the Needs of Gulf Coast Small Businesses, but Agency Data on Subcontracting Are Incomplete
GAO-10-723: Published: Jul 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 2010.
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita wreaked havoc on small businesses in the Gulf Coast, and much federal assistance has been provided to help these businesses. GAO was asked to describe (1) the amount of assistance provided to Gulf Coast small businesses through the Small Business Administration's (SBA) disaster and Gulf Opportunity (GO) loans, state-administered business assistance programs funded by th...
State and Local Governments: Fiscal Pressures Could Have Implications for Future Delivery of Intergovernmental Programs
GAO-10-899: Published: Jul 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2010.
State and local governments work in partnership with the federal government to implement numerous intergovernmental programs. Fiscal pressures for state and local governments may exist when spending is expected to outpace revenues for the long term. GAO was asked to examine (1) the long-term fiscal pressures facing state and local governments and historical spending and revenue trends, (2) spendin...
Hurricane Katrina: CMS and HRSA Assistance to Sustain Primary Care Gains in the Greater New Orleans Area
GAO-10-773R: Published: Jun 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2010.
More than 4 years after Hurricane Katrina made landfall, the greater New Orleans area continues to face challenges restoring health care services disrupted by the storm and flooding that followed. In July 2007, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awarded the $100-million Primary Care Access and Stabilization Grant (PCASG) to the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals (LDHH...
Natural Catastrophe Insurance Coverage Remains a Challenge for State Programs
GAO-10-568R: Published: May 17, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2010.
Natural catastrophes can adversely affect U.S. residents and businesses by causing extensive property damage. The 2005 hurricanes and other recent natural disasters have had significant effects on the cost of obtaining insurance against such risks, especially in high-risk areas. As private market insurers have raised their premium rates, an increased number of residents have obtained coverage thro...