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Economic Development (71 - 80 of 3,034 items)
Flood Insurance: Participation of Indian Tribes in Federal and Private Programs
GAO-13-226: Published: Jan 4, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 2013.
As of August 2012, just 37 of 566 federally recognized tribes (7 percent) were participating in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), and 3 tribes accounted for more than 70 percent of policies. A number of factors have affected tribes' participation. First, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has not placed a high priority on mapping rural areas, including many Indian lands, for...
Disaster Relief: Reimbursements to the American Red Cross for Certain 2008 Disaster Assistance
GAO-12-877: Published: Sep 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2012.
GAO's review of the reimbursements the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) made to the American Red Cross (Red Cross) related to the 77 presidentially declared major disasters in 2008 foundFEMA established criteria for the reimbursements that was consistent with the law,no evidence that funding from other federal sources had been made available for the costs that FEMA reimbursed,FEMA only r...
The Distribution of Federal Economic Development Grants to Communities with High Rates of Poverty and Unemployment
GAO-12-938R: Published: Sep 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2012.
The distribution of grant funding per person in poverty in cities was not consistently aligned with overall poverty rates. Most cities, with the exception of those cities with the highest poverty rates, received roughly the same amount of economic development funding per person living in poverty. Further, when we examined how grant funds are distributed to cities based on their unemployment rates,...
Disaster Assistance: USDA and SBA Could Do More to Help Aquaculture and Nursery Producers
GAO-12-844: Published: Sep 11, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) and the Small Business Administration (SBA) have 10 disaster assistance programs that small agricultural producers and businesses that support agriculture can use to recover from natural disasters. These programs serve largely different populations but leave few gaps in the disaster assistance available to most small agricultura...
Federal Disaster Assistance: Improved Criteria Needed to Assess a Jurisdiction's Capability to Respond and Recover on Its Own
GAO-12-838: Published: Sep 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2012.
During fiscal years 2004-2011, the President received governors' requests for 629 disaster declarations and approved 539, or 86 percent, of which the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) reported 71 percent were for severe storms. For these 539 declarations, FEMA obligated $80.3 billion, or an average of about $10 billion a year, from the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF), as of January 31, 2012. A...
Entrepreneurial Assistance: Opportunities Exist to Improve Programs' Collaboration, Data-Tracking, and Performance Management
GAO-12-819: Published: Aug 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Aug 23, 2012.
Federal efforts to support entrepreneurs are fragmented--including among 52 programs at the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Commerce, and Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Small Business Administration (SBA). All overlap with at least one other program in terms of the type of assistance they are authorized to offer, such as financial (grants and loans) and technical (training and couns...
Bus Rapid Transit: Projects Improve Transit Service and Can Contribute to Economic Development
GAO-12-811: Published: Jul 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2012.
U.S. bus rapid transit (BRT) projects we reviewed include features that distinguished BRT from standard bus service and improved riders experience. However, few of the projects (5 of 20) used dedicated or semi-dedicated lanes a feature commonly associated with BRT and included in international systems to reduce travel time and attract riders. Project sponsors and planners explained tha...
Disaster Recovery: Selected Themes for Effective Long-Term Recovery
GAO-12-813T: Published: Jun 6, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2012.
From 2008 to 2010, GAO produced a body of work on disaster recovery, including reviews of the Federal Emergency Management Agencys (FEMA) Long-Term Community Recovery efforts, recovery lessons based on past experiences at home and abroad, the use of Community Development Block Grants and Public Assistance grants and the operation of the Office of the Federal Coordinator for Gulf Coast Rebuil...
Disaster Assistance Workforce: FEMA Could Enhance Human Capital Management and Training
GAO-12-538: Published: May 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2012.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has taken steps to enhance its management of the Disaster Assistance Employee (DAE) program, such as through the establishment of a credentialing program, the FEMA Qualification System (FQS); however, management controls and training could be strengthened. For example, FEMA does not monitor how the regions implement DAE policies and how DAEs implement...
HUD Has Identified Performance Measures for Its Block Grant Programs, but Information on Impact Is Limited
GAO-12-575R: Published: May 15, 2012. Publicly Released: May 15, 2012.
Information on the overall effectiveness (or impact) of the CDBG and HOME programs is limited. According to HUD officials, the agency has faced challenges in evaluating the impact of CDBG and HOME because, among other things, such an evaluation would have to compare neighborhoods that received program assistance with those that did not. Our previous work has also identified the difficulties of eva...