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Economic Development (101 - 110 of 3,033 items)
Catastrophic Planning: States Participating in FEMA's Pilot Program Made Progress, but Better Guidance Could Enhance Future Pilot Programs
GAO-11-383: Published: Apr 8, 2011. Publicly Released: May 9, 2011.
Hurricane Katrina in 2005 highlighted gaps in the nation's preparedness to respond effectively to catastrophic incidents. The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) designed the Task Force for Emergency Readiness (TFER) pilot program to advance and integrate state and federal catastrophic planning efforts. TFER, first envisioned by the Department of Defe...
Indian Issues: Observations on Some Unique Factors that May Affect Economic Activity on Tribal Lands
GAO-11-543T: Published: Apr 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2011.
Indian tribes are among the most economically distressed groups in the United States. In 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau reported that the poverty rate among American Indian and Alaska Natives was almost twice as high as the population as a whole--27 percent compared with 15 percent. Residents of tribal lands often lack basic infrastructure, such as water and sewer systems, and sufficient technology...
Medicaid: Improving Responsiveness of Federal Assistance to States during Economic Downturns
GAO-11-395: Published: Mar 31, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2011.
In response to the most recent U.S. recession, from December 2007 to June 2009, Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act). To help states maintain their Medicaid programs and provide states with general fiscal relief, the Recovery Act temporarily increased the federal share of Medicaid funding for states. The federal funding states receive for Medicaid is de...
State and Local Governments: Knowledge of Past Recessions Can Inform Future Federal Fiscal Assistance
GAO-11-401: Published: Mar 31, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2011.
The most recent recession, which started in December 2007, is generally believed to be the worst economic downturn the country has experienced since the Great Depression. In response to this recession, Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act), which provided state and local governments with about $282 billion in fiscal assistance. The Recovery Act requires...
Measuring Disaster Preparedness: FEMA Has Made Limited Progress in Assessing National Capabilities
GAO-11-260T: Published: Mar 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 2011.
This testimony discusses the efforts of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)--a component of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)--to measure and assess national capabilities to respond to a major disaster. According to the Congressional Research Service, from fiscal years 2002 through 2010, Congress appropriated over $34 billion for homeland security preparedness grant programs to...
Flood Insurance: Public Policy Goals Provide a Framework for Reform
GAO-11-429T: Published: Mar 11, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2011.
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) has been on GAO's high-risk list since 2006, when the program had to borrow from the U.S. Treasury to cover losses from the 2005 hurricanes. The outstanding debt is $17.8 billion as of March 2011. This sizeable debt, plus operational and management challenges that GAO has identified at the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which administers NFI...
Neighborhood Stabilization Program: HUD and Grantees Are Taking Actions to Ensure Program Compliance but Data on Program Outputs Could be Improved
GAO-11-48: Published: Dec 17, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2010.
Congress created the Neighborhood Stabilization Program (NSP) to help reduce the number of foreclosed and abandoned properties and restore depressed local housing markets. The Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA) authorized the program's first round (NSP 1), providing $3.92 billion in grant funds to states and local governments. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) adm...
FEMA Flood Maps: Some Standards and Processes in Place to Promote Map Accuracy and Outreach, but Opportunities Exist to Address Implementation Challenges
GAO-11-17: Published: Dec 2, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2010.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), a component of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), maps flood hazard areas across the country and makes flood insurance available to more than 20,100 communities through the National Flood Insurance Program. From 2003 through 2008, FEMA spent $1.2 billion in a comprehensive effort to update the nation's flood insurance maps. In 2009, FEMA bega...
FEMA Has Made Limited Progress in Efforts to Develop and Implement a System to Assess National Preparedness Capabilities
GAO-11-51R: Published: Oct 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2010.
This letter responds to a mandate in the conference report to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Appropriations Act, 2010. In accordance with the direction in that report and in consultation with congressional staff, we provided interim oral briefings in March and July 2010 and are reporting the results of our final briefing on the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to ass...
Disaster Response: Criteria for Developing and Validating Effective Response Plans
GAO-10-969T: Published: Sep 22, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2010.
Among the lessons learned from the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina was that effective disaster response requires planning followed by the execution of training and exercises to validate those plans. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is responsible for disaster response planning. This testimony focuses on (1) criteria for effective disaster response planning established in FEMA's Nation...