Small business (61 - 70 of 540 items)
Small Business Innovation Research: SBA Should Work with Agencies to Improve the Data Available for Program Evaluation
GAO-11-698: Published: Aug 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2011.
Federal agencies with a budget of at least $100 million for research and development (R&D) conducted by others must participate in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR has four purposes: meet federal R&D needs; stimulate technological innovation; increase commercialization (e.g., sales) of innovations based on federal R&D; and encourage participation in innovation by small b...
Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business Program: Preliminary Information on Actions Taken by Agencies to Address Fraud and Abuse and Remaining Vulnerabilities
GAO-11-589T: Published: Jul 28, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2011.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) most recently reported in fiscal year 2010 that $10.8 billion of federal contracts were awarded to Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Businesses (SDVOSB). SBA's report also showed that, of this amount, $3.2 billion was for Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) contracts. In 2009 and 2010, GAO reported on weaknesses in fraud-prevention controls that allowed 1...
Small Business Contracting: Action Needed by Those Agencies Whose Advocates Do Not Report to Agency Heads as Required
GAO-11-418: Published: Jun 3, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2011.
Section 15(k) of the Small Business Act requires that all federal agencies with procurement powers establish an Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) to advocate for small businesses. Section 15(k)(3) requires that OSDBU directors be responsible only to and report directly to agency or deputy agency heads. GAO was asked to assess agencies' compliance with the reporting str...
Small Business Contracting: Survey of 25 Agency Advocates (GAO-11-436SP, June 2011), an E-supplement to GAO-11-418
GAO-11-436SP: Published: Jun 3, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2011.
This is an e-supplement to GAO-11-418. It presents the results of GAO's survey of the directors of the Offices of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) at 25 federal agencies. (The Department of Defense agencies, as well as some of the other agencies surveyed, refer to their offices as the Office of Small Business Programs. For simplicity, we use the term OSDBU for all agencies surv...
Small Business Programs: Efforts to Address Internal Control Weaknesses and Potential Duplication
GAO-11-558T: Published: Jun 16, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2011.
Economic development programs-- administered efficiently and effectively--can contribute to the well-being of the economy at the least cost to taxpayers. Such programs can encompass small business development and contracting. To encourage such contracting, Congress created programs--such as the Historically Underutilized Business Zone (HUBZone), service-disabled veteran-owned small business, and 8...
Mentor-Protege Programs Have Policies That Aim to Benefit Participants but Do Not Require Postagreement Tracking
GAO-11-548R: Published: Jun 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2011.
A mentor-protege program is an arrangement in which mentors--businesses, typically experienced prime contractors--provide technical, managerial, and other business development assistance to eligible small businesses, or protege. In return, the programs provide incentives for mentor participation, such as credit toward subcontracting goals, additional evaluation points toward the awarding of contra...
Improvements Needed to Help Ensure Reliability of SBA's Performance Data on Procurement Center Representatives
GAO-11-549R: Published: Jun 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2011.
This letter responds to the mandate contained in Section 1312(c) of the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, for GAO to conduct a study of the Small Business Administration's (SBA) Procurement Center Representatives (PCR) and Commercial Market Representatives (CMR), including ways to improve their effectiveness. To fulfill this mandate, we provided congressional staff a briefing on the results of this...
8(a) Program: The Importance of Effective Fraud Prevention Controls
GAO-11-440T: Published: Mar 3, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2011.
This testimony discusses the results of our prior investigation of the Small Business Administration's (SBA) 8(a) Business Development Program. SBA's 8(a) program, named for a section of the Small Business Act, is a development program created to help small, disadvantaged businesses compete in the American economy and access the federal procurement market. To participate in the program, a firm mus...
Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-11-21: Published: Nov 10, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2010.
To be competitive in the global economy, the United States relies heavily on innovation through research and development (R&D). The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 established the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program to stimulate technological innovation among small businesses. SBIR offers one avenue for introducing technological innovation in the Department of Defen...
Participants in SBA's Microloan Program Could Provide Additional Information to Enhance the Public's Understanding of Recovery Act Fund Uses and Expected Outcomes
GAO-10-1032R: Published: Sep 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2010.
This letter formally transmits and summarizes an oral briefing we gave on July 29, 2010, in response to Congress' request that we assess the extent to which the descriptions of the uses of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) funds--published on Recovery.gov--enhance the public's understanding of how funds are being spent and what outcomes are expected. Our briefing focuse...