Small business (21 - 30 of 539 items)
8(a) Subcontracting Limitations: Continued Noncompliance with Monitoring Requirements Signals Need for Regulatory Change
GAO-14-706: Published: Sep 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2014.
Similar to prior GAO findings from April 2006 and January 2012, contracting officers are generally not collecting information on the amount of subcontracted work performed under the 8(a) contracts reviewed, as required. The amount of work prime contractors must perform differs according to what is being procured. For example, the subcontractor's personnel costs are not to exceed 50 percent of the...
Contract Management: DOD's Implementation of Justifications for 8(a) Sole-Source Contracts
GAO-14-721R: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
GAO found that the number and value of sole-source contracts over $20 million awarded by the Department of Defense (DOD) through the Small Business Administration's 8(a) Business Development program remained low in fiscal year 2013 after a significant decrease from fiscal years 2009 through 2012. DOD awarded 27 such contracts, valued at over $2 billion, in fiscal year 2009 and 4 contracts, valued...
Small Business Innovation Research: DOD's Program Has Developed Some Technologies that Support Military Users, but Lacks Comprehensive Data on Transition Outcomes
GAO-14-748T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
Transitioning technologies from defense research and technology development programs, such as through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, to military users has been a long-standing challenge for the Department of Defense (DOD). Over the past decade, Congress and DOD have taken several steps to address transition challenges in DOD's SBIR program. For example, the military departm...
Small Business Administration: Office of Advocacy Needs to Improve Controls over Research, Regulatory, and Workforce Planning Activities
GAO-14-525: Published: Jul 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2014.
The Office of Advocacy (Advocacy) within the Small Business Administration (SBA) fulfills its mission by researching small business issues and providing input into federal rulemaking and related regulatory activities. However, GAO identified key areas in Advocacy's system of internal control that could be improved.Research. GAO found that Advocacy did not ensure that its staff monitored the quali...
Small Business Research Programs: More Guidance and Oversight Needed to Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements
GAO-14-431: Published: Jun 6, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2014.
Agency data indicate that 8 of the 11 agencies participating in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program and 2 of the 5 agencies participating in the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program complied with spending requirements in fiscal year 2012. Program managers for agencies that did not comply with the requirements identified reasons for noncompliance. For example, program...
Small Business Administration: Cosponsored Activities Can Benefit Small Businesses but Lack a Consistent Feedback Mechanism
GAO-14-260: Published: May 30, 2014. Publicly Released: May 30, 2014.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) and cosponsors share responsibilities for planning, funding, and conducting cosponsored activities. Before cosponsored activities take place, SBA field and program offices decide on the type and subject of the activity, solicit potential cosponsors, draft an agreement, agenda and budget, and designate a cosponsor as fiscal agent to collect, manage, and disbu...
Small Business Research Programs: Agencies Did Not Consistently Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements
GAO-14-567T: Published: Apr 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2014.
Using data agencies had reported to the Small Business Administration (SBA), GAO found in its 2013 report that 8 of the 11 agencies participating in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program and 4 of the 5 agencies participating in the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program did not consistently comply with spending requirements for fiscal years 2006 to 2011. SBA, which overs...
Small Business Administration: Actions Needed to Ensure Planned Improvements Address Key Requirements of the Development Company (504) Loan Program
GAO-14-233: Published: Mar 6, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2014.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) has established lending standards to protect against default and has measured program performance, but lacks guidance on determining the number of jobs supported by 504 program-funded projects. SBA's guidance for certified development companies (CDC)—nonprofits that provide funding to small businesses to promote local economic development in their communit...
Telecommunications: Federal Broadband Deployment Programs and Small Business
GAO-14-203: Published: Feb 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2014.
Federally funded programs to expand broadband access encompass but do not specifically target small businesses. These programs—the Broadband Initiatives Program (BIP), Broadband Technologies Opportunities Program, Community Connect Grants, Connect America Fund, Rural Broadband Access Loan and Loan Guarantee Program, and Telecommunications Infrastructure Loan Program—have eligibility requiremen...
Strategic Sourcing: Selected Agencies Should Develop Performance Measures on Inclusion of Small Businesses and OMB Should Improve Monitoring
GAO-14-126: Published: Jan 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2014.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the General Services Administration (GSA), and selected agencies have taken steps to consider small businesses, including small disadvantaged businesses, in their strategic sourcing efforts. (Small disadvantaged businesses are those unconditionally owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.) OMB and GSA have developed gui...