Small business (1 - 10 of 540 items)
HUBZone Program: Oversight Has Improved But Some Weaknesses Remain
GAO-17-456T: Published: Mar 2, 2017. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2017.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) designates economically distressed areas as Historically Underutilized Business Zones (HUBZones), based on data such as unemployment and poverty rates. Since 2008, GAO has issued several products that identified weaknesses in the HUBZone program and made recommendations to SBA to address them. While weaknesses remain, SBA has taken some steps to enhance prog...
Small Business Administration: Agency Has Controls to Comply with Paperwork Reduction Act but Could Improve Accessibility and Consistency of Disaster Loan Information
GAO-17-67: Published: Nov 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 21, 2016.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) process for complying with the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) includes a number of controls to help disaster business loan forms comply with the act and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requirements (see figure). For example, SBA has a standard operating procedure that documents its clearance process; a requirement to solicit public comments; and a requi...
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: Observations from Small Business Review Panels
GAO-16-647: Published: Aug 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2016.
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has taken steps to solicit, consider, and incorporate inputs from small entities into its rulemaking process, as required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act, as amended by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act). GAO reviewed documents from the four Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) pane...
Small Business Research Programs: Agencies Have Improved Compliance with Spending and Reporting Requirements, but Challenges Remain
GAO-16-492: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
Agency data indicate that 9 of the 11 agencies participating in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program and 4 of the 5 agencies participating in the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program complied with spending requirements in fiscal year 2014. One agency—the Department of Agriculture (USDA)—had extramural R&D obligations greater than $1 billion, but did not implement...
HUBZone Program: Actions Taken on February 2015 GAO Recommendations
GAO-16-423R: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016.
As of March 8, 2016, the Small Business Administration (SBA) had taken some actions to address but had not fully implemented the two recommendations GAO made in February 2015 to address weaknesses in SBA’s oversight of the Historically Underutilized Business Zone (HUBZone) program. The program provides federal contracting preferences to small businesses located in HUBZone areas that also employ...
Alaska Native Corporations: Oversight Weaknesses Continue to Limit SBA's Ability to Monitor Compliance with 8(a) Program Requirements
GAO-16-113: Published: Mar 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 2016.
GAO has reported in the past that the Small Business Administration's (SBA) ability to enforce regulations prohibiting the award of follow-on, sole-source contracts to 8(a) subsidiary firms of the same Alaska Native Corporation (ANC) relies on contract information from other federal agencies that is sometimes incomplete. SBA's regulations prohibit program participants from receiving an 8(a) sole-s...
Small Business Investment Companies: Characteristics and Investment Performance of Single and Multiple Licensees
GAO-16-107: Published: Jan 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 2016.
Small Business Investment Companies (SBIC) managed by entities holding multiple licenses controlled most Small Business Administration (SBA) leverage and shared similar characteristics with entities holding a single license. At the end of fiscal year 2014, multiple licensees controlled $5.2 billion of the $7 billion (about 74 percent) in outstanding debenture SBA leverage, compared to 2005, when t...
Small Business Administration: Leadership Attention Needed to Overcome Management Challenges
GAO-16-134T: Published: Jan 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2016.
As GAO reported in September 2015, the Small Business Administration (SBA) has not resolved many of its long-standing management challenges due to a lack of sustained priority attention over time. Frequent turnover of political leadership in the federal government, including at SBA, has often made sustaining attention to needed changes difficult (see figure below). Senior SBA leaders have not prio...
Small Business: Action Needed to Determine Whether DOD's Comprehensive Subcontracting Plan Test Program Should Be Made Permanent
GAO-16-27: Published: Nov 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2015.
Reviews commissioned by the Department of Defense (DOD) concluded that the Test Program for Negotiation of Comprehensive Small Business Subcontracting Plans (Test Program) has resulted in the avoidance of millions of dollars in administrative costs for both program participants and DOD. According to the review conducted in 2013, the 12 firms then participating in the program avoided about $18.5 mi...
Veteran-Owned Small Businesses: Preliminary Observations on Verification Program Progress and Challenges
GAO-16-179T: Published: Nov 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2015.
Based on GAO's preliminary observations, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has made significant improvements to its verification process and communication with veterans since GAO's 2013 report. VA reported it reduced its average application processing times by more than 50 percent—from 85 days in 2012 to 41 in 2015. GAO reviewed a randomly selected sample of verification applications and f...