Product safety (1 - 10 of 15 items)
Consumer Product Safety Oversight: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Coordination and Increase Efficiencies and Effectiveness
GAO-15-52: Published: Nov 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2014.
GAO identified eight agencies that have direct oversight responsibilities for consumer product safety: the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), Department of Housing and Urban Development, Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration,...
Food Labeling: FDA Needs to Reassess Its Approach to Protecting Consumers from False or Misleading Claims
GAO-11-102: Published: Jan 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 2011.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversees federal requirements to prohibit false or misleading food labels; the Federal Trade Commission enforces the prohibition against false or misleading advertising. By statute, health claims on food labels must have significant scientific agreement, but in 2002, in response to a court decision, FDA decided to allow qualified health claims with less scien...
Carbon Trading: Current Situation and Oversight Considerations for Policymakers
GAO-10-851R: Published: Aug 19, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2010.
This letter is our response to a congressional request concerning carbon trading in the United States and various design and implementation issues to be considered in discussions about a possible national carbon trading program. Industrial activities in the United States emit significant amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases each year, substantially affecting the earth's climate, ac...
Formaldehyde in Textiles: While Levels in Clothing Generally Appear to Be Low, Allergic Contact Dermatitis Is a Health Issue for Some People
GAO-10-875: Published: Aug 13, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2010.
Formaldehyde--one of the most widely produced chemicals in the world--is used in many products, including disinfectants, pressed-wood, and clothing and other textiles. Exposure to this chemical, which has been linked to adverse health effects for more than 30 years, typically occurs through inhalation and dermal (skin) contact. Formaldehyde can be used to enhance wrinkle resistance in some clothin...
All-Terrain Vehicles: How They Are Used, Crashes, and Sales of Adult-Sized Vehicles for Children's Use
GAO-10-418: Published: Apr 8, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 8, 2010.
All-terrain vehicles (ATV), which are off-road motorized vehicles, usually with four tires, a straddle seat for the operator, and handlebars for steering control, have become increasingly popular. However, ATV fatalities and injuries have increased over the last decade and are a matter of concern to the Consumer Product Safety Commission (Commission), which oversees ATV safety, and to others. Many...
Consumer Product Safety Commission: Better Data Collection and Assessment of Consumer Information Efforts Could Help Protect Minority Children
GAO-09-731: Published: Aug 5, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2009.
In 2004, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) estimated that 29,400 deaths in the United States were related to consumer products. As required under Section 107 of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, this study reviews what is known about the relative incidence of preventable injuries and deaths among minority children associated with products intended for children's...
Feasibility of Requiring Financial Assurances for the Recall or Destruction of Unsafe Consumer Products
GAO-09-512R: Published: Apr 22, 2009. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2009.
In 2008, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) announced that it had obtained the voluntary recall of 563 unsafe or potentially unsafe products by the companies that manufactured, imported, distributed, or sold the products--the largest number for the agency in the past 10 years. In the prior year, CPSC announced 472 recalls--which was also an increase from the previous year and included s...
Food and Drug Administration: Revenue Information on Certain Companies Participating in the Medical Device User Fee Program
GAO-07-571R: Published: Mar 30, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2007.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for approving medical devices--such as catheters and artificial hearts--to provide reasonable assurance of their safety and effectiveness. As part of this responsibility, FDA, an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), reviews applications submitted by medical device companies for devices they wish to market in the Unit...
Food and Drug Administration: Carrageenan Food Additive from the Philippines Conforms to Regulations
HEHS-94-141: Published: Aug 2, 1994. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) regulation of a food additive, focusing on FDA: (1) classification of the additive as carrageenan; (2) determination that the additive is safe for food use; and (3) plans to investigate recent allegations that the additive is contaminated with an illegal pesticide.GAO found that: (1) FDA based...
Problems in Protecting Consumers From Illegally Harvested Shellfish (Clams, Mussels, and Oysters)
HRD-84-36: Published: Jun 14, 1984. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) administration of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program, focusing on whether: (1) FDA has adequate legal authority to enforce federal standards designed to ensure the safety and quality of shellfish; (2) FDA is effective in regulating the shellfish industry; or (3) a stronger or different federal role...