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Business Regulation and Consumer Protection (1 - 10 of 1,303 items)
HUBZone Program: Oversight Has Improved But Some Weaknesses Remain
GAO-17-456T: Published: Mar 2, 2017. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2017.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) designates economically distressed areas as Historically Underutilized Business Zones (HUBZones), based on data such as unemployment and poverty rates. Since 2008, GAO has issued several products that identified weaknesses in the HUBZone program and made recommendations to SBA to address them. While weaknesses remain, SBA has taken some steps to enhance prog...
Drug Safety: FDA Has Improved Its Foreign Drug Inspection Program, but Needs to Assess the Effectiveness and Staffing of Its Foreign Offices
GAO-17-143: Published: Dec 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 17, 2017.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), has increased its foreign drug inspections and enhanced its ability to prioritize drug establishments for inspection. The number of foreign inspections has consistently increased each year since fiscal year 2009. Beginning in fiscal year 2015, FDA conducted more foreign than domestic inspect...
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Market Challenges May Exist for Current Structure and Alternative Approaches
GAO-17-62: Published: Jan 12, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2017.
Under the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act's (TRIA) current structure, insurers manage their terrorism exposure to cover their share of losses and not the federal share of losses, which may be recouped from policyholders after an event. Specifically, insurers do not assume the risk of the federal share of potential losses and, thus, do not consider the potential federal share of losses in how they man...
Flood Insurance: FEMA Needs to Address Data Quality and Consider Company Characteristics When Revising Its Compensation Methodology
GAO-17-36: Published: Dec 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 2017.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has yet to revise its compensation practices for Write-Your-Own (WYO) companies to reflect actual expenses as required by the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 (Biggert-Waters Act), and as GAO recommended in 2009. FEMA continues to rely on insurance industry expense information for other lines of property insurance to set compensation...
Nursing Homes: Consumers Could Benefit from Improvements to the Nursing Home Compare Website and Five-Star Quality Rating System
GAO-17-61: Published: Nov 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2016.
GAO found that the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) collects information on the use of the Nursing Home Compare website, which was developed with the goal of assisting consumers in finding and comparing nursing home quality information. CMS uses three standard mechanisms for collecting website information—website analytics, website user surveys, and website usability tests. These m...
Small Business Administration: Agency Has Controls to Comply with Paperwork Reduction Act but Could Improve Accessibility and Consistency of Disaster Loan Information
GAO-17-67: Published: Nov 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 21, 2016.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) process for complying with the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) includes a number of controls to help disaster business loan forms comply with the act and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requirements (see figure). For example, SBA has a standard operating procedure that documents its clearance process; a requirement to solicit public comments; and a requi...
Financial Audit: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection's Fiscal Years 2016 and 2015 Financial Statements
GAO-17-138R: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
GAO found (1) the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection’s, known as the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), financial statements as of and for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2016, and 2015, are presented fairly, in all material respects, in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; (2) although internal controls could be improved, CFPB maintained, in all mat...
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: Observations from Small Business Review Panels
GAO-16-647: Published: Aug 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2016.
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has taken steps to solicit, consider, and incorporate inputs from small entities into its rulemaking process, as required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act, as amended by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act). GAO reviewed documents from the four Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA) pane...
Flood Insurance: Potential Barriers Cited to Increased Use of Private Insurance
GAO-16-611: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
Lenders and their regulators have taken some action to implement provisions on private flood insurance in the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 (Biggert-Waters Act). Specifically, lenders told GAO they send notifications to borrowers that encourage borrowers to compare private and National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policies. Lenders with whom GAO spoke accepted private policie...
Medical Product Oversight: FDA Needs More Strategic Planning to Guide Its Scientific Initiatives
GAO-16-432: Published: May 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2016.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) lacks measurable goals to assess its progress in advancing regulatory science—the science supporting its effort to assess the products it regulates. The agency issued strategic planning documents in 2011 and 2013 to guide its regulatory science efforts and identify priority areas for conducting work, but these documents do not specify the targets and time f...