Budget functions (1 - 10 of 64 items)
Tax Expenditures: Opportunities Exist to Use Budgeting and Agency Performance Processes to Increase Oversight
GAO-16-622: Published: Jul 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2016.
Federal budget formulation processes include fewer controls and reviews, and provide less information on tax expenditures—which represented an estimated $1.23 trillion in forgone revenues in fiscal year 2015—than for discretionary or mandatory spending. For example, in the President’s budget, tax expenditure revenue loss estimates are presented separately from related spending, making their...
District of Columbia: Local Budget Autonomy Amendment Act of 2012
GAO-16-663T: Published: May 12, 2016. Publicly Released: May 12, 2016.
This testimony discusses our January 30, 2014 opinion concerning the effect of the District of Columbia's Local Budget Autonomy Amendment Act of 2012 (Budget Autonomy Act). In December 2012, the Council of the District of Columbia enacted the Budget Autonomy Act. The Mayor of the District of Columbia signed the measure in January 2013, and District voters approved it in April 2013. In the District...
Bureau of Prisons: Opportunities Exist to Enhance the Transparency of Annual Budget Justifications
GAO-14-121: Published: Dec 6, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2013.
The largest account in the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Bureau of Prisons (BOP) budget justification--its Salaries and Expenses (S&E) account-- is composed mainly of costs associated with Inmate Care and Programs and Institution Security and Administration, both of which have grown steadily since 2008. This growth is due predominantly to increases in prison populations, which are the primary cost...
Budget Issues: Key Questions to Consider When Evaluating Balances in Federal Accounts
GAO-13-798: Published: Sep 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2013.
Carryover balances in fiscal year 2012 were $2.2 trillion, of which about $800 billion had not yet been obligated. Answering key questions during review of carryover balances provides insights into why a balance exists, what size balance is appropriate, and what opportunities (if any) for savings exist. Given that a single account may support a single program or multiple programs--or that multiple...
Veterans' Health Care Budget: Improvements Made, but Additional Actions Needed to Address Problems Related to Estimates Supporting President's Request
GAO-13-715: Published: Aug 8, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 2013.
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) expanded the use of the Enrollee Health Care Projection Model (EHCPM) in developing the agencys health care budget estimate that supported the Presidents fiscal year 2014 budget request. VA expanded the use of the EHCPM by using, for the first time, the models estimate for the amount of care providedworkloadto develop estimates...
Veterans' Health Care Budget Estimate: Changes Were Made in Developing the President's Budget Request for Fiscal Years 2012 and 2013
GAO-11-622: Published: Jun 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2011.
The Veterans Health Care Budget Reform and Transparency Act of 2009 requires GAO to report whether the amounts for the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) health care services in the President's budget request are consistent with VA's budget estimates as projected by the Enrollee Health Care Projection Model (EHCPM) and other methodologies. Based on the information VA provided, this report descri...
Office of National Drug Control Policy: Agencies View the Budget Process as Useful for Identifying Priorities, but Challenges Exist
GAO-11-261R: Published: May 2, 2011. Publicly Released: May 2, 2011.
Illicit drug use endangers public health and safety and depletes financial resources. According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), each day in this country, an estimated 8,000 Americans illegally consume a drug for the first time and the risks posed by their drug use--like that of the estimated 20 million individuals that already use illicit drugs--will radiate to their familie...
Veterans' Health Care: VA Uses a Projection Model to Develop Most of Its Health Care Budget Estimate to Inform the President's Budget Request
GAO-11-205: Published: Jan 31, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 2011.
Funding for the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) health care is determined by Congress in the annual appropriations process. Prior to this process, VA develops a budget estimate of the resources needed to provide health care services to eligible veterans. The Veterans Health Care Budget Reform and Transparency Act of 2009 requires GAO to assess whether the funding requested for VA health care...
VA Health Care: Challenges in Budget Formulation and Execution
GAO-09-459T: Published: Mar 12, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2009.
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) estimates it will provide health care to 5.8 million patients with appropriations of $41.2 billion in fiscal year 2009. The President has proposed an increase in VA's health care budget for fiscal year 2010 to expand services for veterans. VA's patient population includes aging veterans who need services such as long-term care-- including nursing home and no...
A Glossary of Terms Used in the Federal Budget Process (Supersedes AFMD-2.1.1)
GAO-05-734SP: Published: Sep 1, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2005.
This publication supersedes AFMD-2.1.1, A Glossary of Terms Used in the Federal Budget Process (Exposure Draft), January 1993. It fulfills part of GAO's responsibility to publish standard terms, definitions, and classifications for the government's fiscal, budget, and program information. It was developed in cooperation with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Directors of the Office of Manageme...