Agricultural commodities (1 - 10 of 34 items)
Foreign Assistance: Multiple Challenges Hinder the Efficiency and Effectiveness of U.S. Food Aid
GAO-08-83T: Published: Oct 2, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 2007.
The United States is the largest global food aid donor, accounting for over half of all food aid supplies to alleviate hunger and support development. Since 2002, Congress has appropriated an average of $2 billion per year for U.S. food aid programs, which delivered an average of 4 million metric tons of food commodities per year. Despite growing demand for food aid, rising business and transporta...
Food Aid: Experience of U.S. Programs Suggests Opportunities for Improvement
GAO-02-801T: Published: Jun 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2002.
The United States spent $50 billion (2002 dollars) on food aid between 1979 and 2003. Notwithstanding these sizable donations and donations by other countries, the need for food aid in the developing world far exceeds available supply. U.S. food aid is provided through six programs administered by the Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). These progra...
Farm Programs: Changes to the Marketing Assistance Loan Program Have Had Little Impact on Payments
GAO-01-964: Published: Sep 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 2001.
Under the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Marketing Assistance Loan Program, the federal government accepts harvested crops as collateral for interest-bearing loans (marketing assistance loans) that are typically due in nine months. When market prices drop below the loan rate (the loan price per pound or bushel), the government allows farmers to repay the loan at a lower rate and retain ownersh...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Improvements Needed in Foreign Agricultural Service Management
T-GGD-94-56: Published: Nov 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the operation of the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), focusing on its: (1) management of export promotion and assistance programs; (2) use of resources in reporting on agricultural developments overseas; and (3) strategic planning. GAO noted that: (1) FAS needs greater management controls to eliminate continuing weaknesses; (2) FAS should reduce the amount of reporting on foreign...
Food Aid: Management Improvements Are Needed to Achieve Program Objectives
NSIAD-93-168: Published: Jul 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Agency for International Development's (AID) Emergency and Private Assistance Program and Food for Development Program, which provide agricultural commodities to developing countries, focusing on: (1) the commodities' use and impact on local currencies; (2) the commodities' impact on enhancing food security; and (3) AID program management.GAO...
Agricultural Trade: Improvements Needed in Management of Targeted Export Assistance Program
NSIAD-90-225: Published: Jun 27, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management of its Targeted Export Assistance (TEA) Program.GAO found that: (1) the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) was not adequately documenting the funding allocation decision process to clearly show how funding criteria were applied and ranked and the basis for those decisions; (2) commodity division staf...
Status Report on GAO's Reviews on P.L. 480 Food Aid Programs
T-NSIAD-90-23: Published: Mar 21, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1990.
GAO discussed U.S. food aid programs, focusing on: (1) the integration of agricultural export programs with food aid programs; (2) food aid program management; (3) the Agency for International Development's (AID) food aid management plan; (4) the role of U.S. private voluntary organizations (PVO) in U.S. food aid programs; and (5) the extent to which AID should maintain accountability over local c...
Food Assistance: USDA's Implementation of Legislated Commodity Distribution Reforms
RCED-90-12: Published: Dec 5, 1989. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) implementation of legislated commodity distribution reforms at the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), and Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS).GAO found that: (1) USDA had implemented 25 of 31 legislated reforms by May 1989; (2) USDA attributed delay...
GAO Audits of the Commodity Food Area
T-RCED-90-15: Published: Nov 15, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 1989.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) implementation of 31 legislatively mandated commodity distribution program reforms, focusing on the commodity food distribution program at four Indian reservations. GAO noted that: (1) to implement the reforms, USDA ordered a comprehensive review of the commodity distribution program, established special commodity initiatives to improve commodit...
Commodity Credit Corporation's Export Credit Guarantee Programs
T-NSIAD-89-41: Published: Jun 14, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1989.
GAO discussed the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) management of the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) export credit guarantee programs. GAO found that: (1) prior to September 1988, FAS provided export credit guarantees for only those agricultural commodities that were 100-percent U.S.-origin content; (2) FAS changed its policy to provide export credit guarantees for agricultural products t...