Nutrition research (1 - 10 of 48 items)
Food Stamp Program: Options for Delivering Financial Incentives to Participants for Purchasing Targeted Foods
GAO-08-415: Published: Jul 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2008.
In fiscal year 2007, the Food Stamp Program provided about $30.4 billion in nutrition assistance benefits to 26.5 million individuals. Benefits are issued through Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) cards, similar to debit cards, to purchase eligible foods at authorized retail stores. The diets of many low-income individuals, like the U.S. population overall, do not meet federal dietary guidelines....
School Meal Programs: Competitive Foods Are Widely Available and Generate Substantial Revenues for Schools
GAO-05-563: Published: Aug 8, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2005.
Recent increases in child obesity have sparked concerns about competitive foods--foods sold to students at school that are not part of federally reimbursable school meals. The nutritional value of these foods is largely unregulated, and students can often purchase these foods in addition to or instead of school meals. In our April 2004 report on competitive foods (GAO-04-673), we reported that sev...
Nutrition Education: USDA Provides Services through Multiple Programs, but Stronger Linkages among Efforts Are Needed
GAO-04-528: Published: Apr 27, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2004.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported that poor nutrition and lack of physical activity are catching up to tobacco use as the leading cause of death in the United States. In addition to having negative health outcomes, children with poor nutrition may have a harder time succeeding in school than other children. To help improve nutrition, the U.S. Department of Agricultur...
Food Assistance: Research Provides Limited Information on the Effectiveness of Specific WIC Nutrition Services
GAO-01-442: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2001.
Despite methodological limitations, demonstration studies provide program managers and policymakers with some useful information on the types of Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) nutrition service interventions that can have positive results for participants. However, only one recent demonstration study provides any information on the costs associated with impleme...
Dietary Supplements: Uncertainties in Analyses Underlying FDA's Proposed Rule on Ephedrine Alkaloids
HEHS/GGD-99-90: Published: Jul 2, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the analyses underlying the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) proposed rule on the food supplements, ephedrine alkaloids, focusing on: (1) the scientific basis for FDA's proposed rule; and (2) FDA's adherence to the regulatory analysis requirements for federal rulemaking.GAO noted that: (1) FDA based its proposed rule on numerous reports of adve...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Analysis of Budgets, Fiscal Years 1999-2000
RCED-99-201R: Published: Jun 17, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1999.
GAO provided information on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) appropriation for fiscal year (FY) 1999 and its budget request for FY 2000 for selected programs and initiatives.GAO noted that: (1) USDA could have about $1.7 billion in appropriated funds remaining unobligated at the end of FY 1999, some or all of which could be available for congressional rescission or as a reduction to the Depa...
Food Assistance: Information on USDA's Research Activities
RCED-98-56R: Published: Jan 29, 1998. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO identified food assistance-related research projects conducted by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) and the Economic Research Service (ERS) during the past 3 fiscal years.GAO noted that: (1) it obtained information on each research project that was ongoing during any portion of each of the past 3 fiscal years; (2) for each of these projects, GAO obtained...
Team Nutrition: Some Procurement and Personnel Management Requirements Not Followed
T-RCED-96-247: Published: Sep 18, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Team Nutrition contracts, cooperative agreement, and grant for multimedia nutrition education. GAO noted that: (1) Team Nutrition officials acted improperly in assigning tasks under the the Global contract and did not follow normal contracting procedures in dealing with Global's subcontractors; (2) Team Nutri...
Fruit Juice Adulteration: Detection Is Difficult, and Enhanced Efforts Would Be Costly
RCED-96-18: Published: Nov 3, 1995. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 1995.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the sale of adulterated fruit juice to school meal programs, focusing on: (1) the nature and extent of the problem; (2) whether federal inspection and testing methods can detect juice adulteration; (3) recent federal enforcement actions taken against juice adulterators; and (4) options for enhancing the detection of adulterated juice.GAO found th...
Nutrition Monitoring: Establishing a Model Program
PEMD-95-19: Published: Jul 19, 1995. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined a model nutrition monitoring system and potential approaches to incorporating it into the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Program (NNMRRP).GAO found that: (1) a model nutrition program would have a coordinated set of activities, provide data continuously, generate reliable subpopulation and small geographic area, and support stat...