Forestry (1 - 10 of 52 items)
USDA's Implementation of New State-Delegated Meat Inspection Program Addresses Most Key Farm Bill Requirements, but Additional Action Needed
GAO-13-332R: Published: May 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 2013.
USDAs Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) completed most of the key activities outlined in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (the 2008 Farm Bill), which authorized a new meat and poultry inspection program to support interstate shipment of meat and poultry products from establishments with 25 or fewer employees, inspected by state agencies. Specifically, FSIS issued program re...
International Food Assistance: Funding Development Projects through the Purchase, Shipment, and Sale of U.S. Commodities Is Inefficient and Can Cause Adverse Market Impacts
GAO-11-636: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
Since the Food Security Act of 1985, Congress has authorized monetization--the sale of U.S. food aid commodities in developing countries to fund development. In fiscal year 2010, more than $300 million was used to procure and ship 540,000 metric tons of commodities to be monetized by the U.S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Through analysis of agency da...
Food Stamp Trafficking: FNS Could Enhance Program Integrity by Better Targeting Stores Likely to Traffic and Increasing Penalties
GAO-07-53: Published: Oct 13, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 2006.
Every year, food stamp recipients exchange hundreds of millions of dollars in benefits for cash instead of food with retailers across the country, a practice known as trafficking. From 2000 to 2005, the Food Stamp Program has grown from $15 billion to $29 billion in benefits. During this period of time, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) replaced paper foo...
Meat and Poultry: Better USDA Oversight and Enforcement of Safety Rules Needed to Reduce Risk of Foodborne Illnesses
GAO-02-902: Published: Aug 30, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2002.
Every year, some meat and poultry products are contaminated with microbial pathogens--such as Salmonella and E. coli--that cause foodborne illnesses and deaths. To improve the safety of meat and poultry products, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) introduced additional regulatory requirements for meat and poultry plants. These requirements are int...
Foreign Assistance: Global Food for Education Initiative Faces Challenges for Successful Implementation
GAO-02-328: Published: Feb 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2002.
At the Group of Eight industrialized countries' summit in July 2000, President Clinton proposed a Global Food for Education Initiative (GFEI) whereby developed countries would provide school breakfasts or lunches to needy children in poor countries. The aim of the initiative is to use school meals to attract children to school, keep them attending once they enroll, and improve learning. The presid...
Food Safety: Weaknesses in Meat and Poultry Inspection Pilot Should Be Addressed Before Implementation
GAO-02-59: Published: Dec 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Jan 17, 2002.
The Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced in 1997 that it would modify its meat and poultry slaughter inspection program to make industry more responsible for identifying carcass defects. Before making the change permanent, USDA developed a model to test whether a prevention-oriented inspection system that uses plant personnel to examine each carcass and USDA inspectors to verify that quality...
Food Assistance: WIC Faces Challenges in Providing Nutrition Services
GAO-02-142: Published: Dec 4, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 2001.
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) serves almost half of all infants and about one-quarter of all children between one and four years of age in the United States. The WIC program faces the following challenges: (1) coordinating its nutrition services with health and welfare programs undergoing considerable change, (2) responding to health and demograp...
Farm Programs: Changes to the Marketing Assistance Loan Program Have Had Little Impact on Payments
GAO-01-964: Published: Sep 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 2001.
Under the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Marketing Assistance Loan Program, the federal government accepts harvested crops as collateral for interest-bearing loans (marketing assistance loans) that are typically due in nine months. When market prices drop below the loan rate (the loan price per pound or bushel), the government allows farmers to repay the loan at a lower rate and retain ownersh...
Agricultural Pesticides: Management Improvements Needed to Further Promote Integrated Pest Management
GAO-01-815: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2001.
Chemical pesticides play an important role in providing Americans with an abundant and inexpensive food supply. However, these chemicals can have adverse effects on human health and the environment, and pests continue to develop resistance to them. Sustainable and effective agricultural pest management will require continued development and increased use of alternative pest management strategies,...
Food Assistance: Research Provides Limited Information on the Effectiveness of Specific WIC Nutrition Services
GAO-01-442: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2001.
Despite methodological limitations, demonstration studies provide program managers and policymakers with some useful information on the types of Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) nutrition service interventions that can have positive results for participants. However, only one recent demonstration study provides any information on the costs associated with impleme...