Appropriations (1 - 10 of 42 items)
Food Safety: Weaknesses in Meat and Poultry Inspection Pilot Should Be Addressed Before Implementation
GAO-02-59: Published: Dec 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Jan 17, 2002.
The Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced in 1997 that it would modify its meat and poultry slaughter inspection program to make industry more responsible for identifying carcass defects. Before making the change permanent, USDA developed a model to test whether a prevention-oriented inspection system that uses plant personnel to examine each carcass and USDA inspectors to verify that quality...
Farm Programs: Changes to the Marketing Assistance Loan Program Have Had Little Impact on Payments
GAO-01-964: Published: Sep 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 2001.
Under the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Marketing Assistance Loan Program, the federal government accepts harvested crops as collateral for interest-bearing loans (marketing assistance loans) that are typically due in nine months. When market prices drop below the loan rate (the loan price per pound or bushel), the government allows farmers to repay the loan at a lower rate and retain ownersh...
Food Assistance: Research Provides Limited Information on the Effectiveness of Specific WIC Nutrition Services
GAO-01-442: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2001.
Despite methodological limitations, demonstration studies provide program managers and policymakers with some useful information on the types of Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) nutrition service interventions that can have positive results for participants. However, only one recent demonstration study provides any information on the costs associated with impleme...
Food Safety: Federal Oversight of Seafood Does Not Sufficiently Protect Consumers
GAO-01-204: Published: Jan 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2001.
Since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system (HACCP) regulations for seafood, the food industry has made some progress in ensuring the safety of seafood. However, several important weaknesses compromise the overall effectiveness of the federal seafood safety system. If left uncorrected, they will continue to undermine the goal of HACCP s...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Marketing Assistance Loan Program Should Better Reflect Market Conditions
RCED-00-9: Published: Nov 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 23, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects of the marketing assistance loan program on cash payments to farm producers, focusing on: (1) which producers received cash payments through the program, by type of crop and state; (2) why some producers did not participate in the program; and (3) what types of concerns have been raised about the program's effect on cash payments and po...
Dietary Supplements: Uncertainties in Analyses Underlying FDA's Proposed Rule on Ephedrine Alkaloids
HEHS/GGD-99-90: Published: Jul 2, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the analyses underlying the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) proposed rule on the food supplements, ephedrine alkaloids, focusing on: (1) the scientific basis for FDA's proposed rule; and (2) FDA's adherence to the regulatory analysis requirements for federal rulemaking.GAO noted that: (1) FDA based its proposed rule on numerous reports of adve...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Administrative Streamlining Is Expected to Continue Through 2002
RCED-99-34: Published: Dec 11, 1998. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) progress in streamlining its administrative operations, focusing on USDA's efforts to: (1) reduce the number of administrative staff departmentwide; (2) consolidate and streamline administrative support structures for seven field-based agencies, particularly at the state office level; and (3) me...
International Food Safety: Comparison of U.S. and Codex Pesticide Standards
PEMD-91-22: Published: Aug 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared current U.S. and Codex Alimentarius Commission pesticide standards to determine the potential implications of such differences for U.S. trade and food safety.GAO found that: (1) key areas where differences existed between the Codex and U.S. processes for establishing pesticide standards include the mix of pesticides included in each system, the use...
U.S. Food Exports: Five Countries' Standards and Procedures for Testing Pesticide Residues
NSIAD-91-90: Published: Dec 20, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) U.S. efforts to prevent or resolve trade disputes over pesticide use; (2) four Pacific Rim countries' and Australia's procedures for setting tolerance levels and testing for pesticides on U.S.-exported produce; and (3) those foreign governments' technical capabilities for pesticide testing.GAO found that: (1) the United States m...
Cotton Program: The Marketing Loan Has Not Worked
RCED-90-170: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton marketing loan program and identified options for improving its effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) since 1985, the marketing loan program has not achieved its objective of keeping U.S. cotton prices competitive in world markets; (2) during the 14-month price divergence period, U.S. producers lacked incen...