Nutrition (21 - 30 of 247 items)
School Meal Programs: Estimated Costs for Three Administrative Processes at Selected Locations
GAO-02-944: Published: Sep 25, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2002.
Each school day, millions of children receive meals and snacks provided through the National School Lunch and National School Breakfast Programs. Any child at a participating school may purchase a meal through these school meal programs, and children from households that apply and meet established income guidelines can receive these meals free or at a reduced price. The federal government reimburs...
Meat and Poultry: Better USDA Oversight and Enforcement of Safety Rules Needed to Reduce Risk of Foodborne Illnesses
GAO-02-902: Published: Aug 30, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2002.
Every year, some meat and poultry products are contaminated with microbial pathogens--such as Salmonella and E. coli--that cause foodborne illnesses and deaths. To improve the safety of meat and poultry products, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) introduced additional regulatory requirements for meat and poultry plants. These requirements are int...
Foreign Assistance: Global Food for Education Initiative Faces Challenges for Successful Implementation
GAO-02-328: Published: Feb 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2002.
At the Group of Eight industrialized countries' summit in July 2000, President Clinton proposed a Global Food for Education Initiative (GFEI) whereby developed countries would provide school breakfasts or lunches to needy children in poor countries. The aim of the initiative is to use school meals to attract children to school, keep them attending once they enroll, and improve learning. The presid...
Food Safety: Weaknesses in Meat and Poultry Inspection Pilot Should Be Addressed Before Implementation
GAO-02-59: Published: Dec 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Jan 17, 2002.
The Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced in 1997 that it would modify its meat and poultry slaughter inspection program to make industry more responsible for identifying carcass defects. Before making the change permanent, USDA developed a model to test whether a prevention-oriented inspection system that uses plant personnel to examine each carcass and USDA inspectors to verify that quality...
Food Stamp Program: Implementation of Electronic Benefit Transfer Systems
GAO-02-332: Published: Jan 16, 2002. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2002.
The Department of Agriculture provided $15 billion in food stamp benefits to 17 million recipients in 2000. Until the mid-1990s, most recipients received paper coupons that they could use to buy food; today, 80 percent of all benefits are provided electronically. Recipients use cards, much like debit cards, to pay for their groceries at the checkout counter, and the costs are deducted from the rec...
Food Assistance: WIC Faces Challenges in Providing Nutrition Services
GAO-02-142: Published: Dec 4, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 2001.
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) serves almost half of all infants and about one-quarter of all children between one and four years of age in the United States. The WIC program faces the following challenges: (1) coordinating its nutrition services with health and welfare programs undergoing considerable change, (2) responding to health and demograp...
Farm Programs: Changes to the Marketing Assistance Loan Program Have Had Little Impact on Payments
GAO-01-964: Published: Sep 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 2001.
Under the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Marketing Assistance Loan Program, the federal government accepts harvested crops as collateral for interest-bearing loans (marketing assistance loans) that are typically due in nine months. When market prices drop below the loan rate (the loan price per pound or bushel), the government allows farmers to repay the loan at a lower rate and retain ownersh...
Agricultural Pesticides: Management Improvements Needed to Further Promote Integrated Pest Management
GAO-01-815: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2001.
Chemical pesticides play an important role in providing Americans with an abundant and inexpensive food supply. However, these chemicals can have adverse effects on human health and the environment, and pests continue to develop resistance to them. Sustainable and effective agricultural pest management will require continued development and increased use of alternative pest management strategies,...
Food Assistance: Research Provides Limited Information on the Effectiveness of Specific WIC Nutrition Services
GAO-01-442: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2001.
Despite methodological limitations, demonstration studies provide program managers and policymakers with some useful information on the types of Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) nutrition service interventions that can have positive results for participants. However, only one recent demonstration study provides any information on the costs associated with impleme...
Food Assistance: Performance Measures for Assessing Three WIC Services
GAO-01-339: Published: Feb 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2001.
GAO examined the performance measures that the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) uses to assess the nutrition education, breastfeeding promotion and support, and health referral services provided to participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program. GAO found that FNS has an outcome-based measure for one of the three nutrition services--breast...