Malnutrition (1 - 10 of 20 items)
Global Food Security: USAID Is Improving Coordination but Needs to Require Systematic Assessments of Country-Level Risks
GAO-13-809: Published: Sep 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2013.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has made progress in coordinating with U.S. partner agencies through the whole-of-government approach for the Feed the Future (FTF) initiative that began in 2010. According to USAID documents, this approach involves coordination and integration of expertise and resources across U.S. partner agencies with global food security programs. In report...
Global Food Security: USAID Is Improving Coordination but Needs to Require Systematic Assessments of Country-Level Risks (GAO-13-815SP, September 2013), an E-supplement to GAO-13-809
GAO-13-815SP: Published: Sep 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2013.
This e-publication supplements our report, Global Food Security: USAID Is Improving Coordination but Needs to Require Systematic Assessments of Country-Level Risks (GAO-13-809). The purpose of this e-publication is to provide information from our web-based survey of U.S. representatives implementing Feed the Future (FTF) programs in 19 FTF focus countries. The survey asked their perceptions of the...
International Food Assistance: U.S. Nonemergency Food Aid Programs Have Similar Objectives but Some Planning Helps Limit Overlap
GAO-13-141R: Published: Dec 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2012.
USAID and USDA share broad objectives for nonemergency food aid programs; however, the agencies have established some planning processes to limit overlap in these programs. For example, both USAID and USDA have objectives that address financial services, infrastructure, agricultural productivity, agribusiness development, and child and maternal nutrition needs in food insecure countries. Some of t...
International Food Assistance: Improved Targeting Would Help Enable USAID to Reach Vulnerable Groups
GAO-12-862: Published: Sep 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2012.
In-country, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and its implementing partners face a range of factors that, to varying degrees, affect their ability to target food assistance effectively to vulnerable groups. These factors include (1) the quality of data used to identify and reach recipients, (2) host government policies, and (3) sharing of rations among recipients and community...
Nutrition Assistance: Additional Efficiencies Could Improve Services to Older Adults
GAO-11-782T: Published: Jun 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2011.
This testimony discusses our recent work on food insecurity among older adults and the nutrition assistance programs available to assist them, including nutrition assistance programs authorized under the Older Americans Act of 1965 (OAA). This work can help inform government policymakers as they address the needs of one of our nation's most vulnerable populations while ensuring the efficiency and...
International Food Assistance: Better Nutrition and Quality Control Can Further Improve U.S. Food Aid
GAO-11-491: Published: May 12, 2011. Publicly Released: May 12, 2011.
For more than 50 years, the United States--which accounts for about half of global food aid supplies--has played an important role in alleviating malnutrition and hunger, especially during emergencies. In fiscal year 2010, the United States spent about $1.5 billion on emergency food aid that reached about 46.5 million beneficiaries. To preserve the nutritional value of food aid, quality controls a...
Domestic Food Assistance: Complex System Benefits Millions, but Additional Efforts Could Address Potential Inefficiency and Overlap among Smaller Programs
GAO-10-346: Published: Apr 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2010.
The federal government spends billions of dollars every year on domestic food assistance programs. The U.S. Department of Agriculture administers most of these programs and monitors the prevalence of food insecurity--that is, the percentage of U.S. households that were unable to afford enough food sometime during the year. Other federal agencies also fund food assistance programs; however, compreh...
International Food Assistance: Key Issues for Congressional Oversight
GAO-09-977SP: Published: Sep 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2009.
The number of individuals experiencing hunger has grown to more than 1 billion worldwide in 2009, up from a record 963 million in 2008, according to the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). FAO attributes this upsurge in hunger to the global economic crisis, which followed rising food and fuel prices from 2006 to 2008. However, even before these crises, the number of undern...
Elderly Americans: Nutrition Information Is Limited and Guidelines Are Lacking
T-PEMD-92-11: Published: Jul 30, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 1992.
GAO discussed poor and near-poor elderly persons, focusing on whether: (1) national nutrition surveys take into account the unique attributes and heterogeneity of the elderly population; and (2) the criteria and guidelines available are adequate to determine the nutritional status of the elderly. GAO noted that: (1) neither the Nationwide Food Consumption Survey (NFCS) nor the National Health and...
Status Report on GAO's Reviews on P.L. 480 Food Aid Programs
T-NSIAD-90-23: Published: Mar 21, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1990.
GAO discussed U.S. food aid programs, focusing on: (1) the integration of agricultural export programs with food aid programs; (2) food aid program management; (3) the Agency for International Development's (AID) food aid management plan; (4) the role of U.S. private voluntary organizations (PVO) in U.S. food aid programs; and (5) the extent to which AID should maintain accountability over local c...