Agricultural policies (31 - 40 of 55 items)
Farm Programs: Payments and Loans to Foreign Owners of U.S. Cropland
RCED-87-81BR: Published: Mar 19, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) farm program payments and loans to foreign individuals and entities that owned U.S. cropland.GAO found that: (1) USDA estimated that farm program costs would reach $72 billion for a 3-year period ending in 1988, with a large part of the funds going to producers for taking cropland out of produ...
Farm Reorganizations and Payments to Foreign Owners of U.S. Cropland
T-RCED-87-11: Published: Apr 1, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 1987.
GAO discussed the impact of farm reorganizations on Department of Agriculture (USDA) farm payments and the $50,000-per-person payment limitation. GAO found that: (1) there was an increasing trend in reorganizations from 1984 through 1986, which resulted in an additional $328 million in program costs and added almost 9,000 new persons to USDA payment rolls; (2) the dramatic increase in the number o...
Grain Shipments: Agriculture Can Reduce Costs by Increased Use of Negotiated Rail Rates
RCED-87-42: Published: Jan 21, 1987. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the methods that the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS) used to ship government grain by rail, focusing on: (1) the extent to which USDA negotiated rate and service concessions with railroads, in comparison with private grain shippers and other government agencies; (2) savings that resul...
U.S. Agricultural Exports: Factors Affecting Competitiveness in World Markets
RCED-87-35BR: Published: Oct 9, 1986. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO addressed the issues of: (1) declining U.S. agricultural exports; and (2) waning U.S. competitiveness in the world agricultural market. GAO defined competitiveness as the ability to sell U.S. products in the world market at a level sufficient to sustain the U.S. market share.GAO identified a number of factors that affect U.S. agricultural competitiveness, i...
Farm Finance: Financial Condition of American Agriculture as of December 31, 1985
RCED-86-191BR: Published: Sep 3, 1986. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 1986.
GAO presented information on the financial condition of American agriculture as of December 31, 1985.After analyzing the economic environment, farmers' financial positions, and the performance of the financial institutions serving agriculture in 1985, GAO concluded that adverse economic and financial conditions facing agriculture continued in 1985. GAO found that: (1) the rate of production increa...
The Agricultural Export Enhancement Program and Agricultural Foreign Market Development Programs
129594: Apr 10, 1986
GAO discussed its assessment of the Agricultural Export Enhancement Program and the progress the program is making in achieving its objectives to increase U.S. exports and encourage the European community to begin serious bilateral and multilateral negotiations on agricultural trade problems. GAO found that: (1) isolating and assessing the impact of the program is a difficult task; and (2) any imp...
Agriculture Overview: U.S. Food/Agriculture in a Volatile World Economy
RCED-86-3BR: Published: Nov 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 1985.
GAO reported on issues relevant to the development of U.S. food and agriculture policies, including: (1) the current state of the U.S. agricultural industry; (2) current trends in agriculture; and (3) potential future concerns.GAO found that the agricultural sector: (1) accounts for 20 percent of the nation's gross national product and work force and helps to offset a growing U.S. trade deficit; (...
Controls Over Export Sales Reporting and Futures Trading Ensure Fairness, Integrity, and Pricing Efficiency in U.S. Grain Marketing
RCED-85-20: Published: Apr 9, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined certain controls designed to help ensure that grain trading is done fairly and that the financial and economic integrity of the marketplace is protected. GAO also investigated how efficiently information about grain export sales by U.S. exporters has transformed into changes in grain prices.GAO found that current controls established by the Departm...
Lessons To Be Learned From Offsetting the Impact of the Soviet Grain Sales Suspension
CED-81-110: Published: Jul 27, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 1981.
On January 4, 1980, the President announced that, for foreign policy and national security reasons, the federal government was suspending the shipment of about 18 million metric tons of agricultural commodities to the Soviet Union. The President directed the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to take actions to offset the suspension's impact on farmers. These offsetting actions, most of which were c...
Farmer-Owned Grain Reserve Program Needs Modification To Improve Effectiveness, Vol. 1
CED-81-70(I): Published: Jun 26, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1981.
The Farmer-Owned Reserve, authorized by the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 is to encourage producers to store wheat and feed grains when they are in abundant supply and extend the time for their orderly marketing.GAO and its consultants found that, during its first 2 to 3 years, the farmer-owned reserve (FOR) only partially met its objectives of increasing grain inventories in times of abundant...