Grain and grain products (71 - 80 of 250 items)
Food Safety and Quality: Existing Detection and Control Programs Minimize Aflatoxin
RCED-91-109: Published: May 22, 1991. Publicly Released: May 22, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the risks posed by the presence of aflatoxin in the domestic food supply and efforts to detect and control aflatoxin levels.GAO found that: (1) corn and peanuts were the crops most susceptible to aflatoxin contamination; (2) aflatoxin posed less of a domestic food safety risk than such other hazards as salmonella and listeria; (3) aflatoxin was mor...
Agricultural Trade: Determining Government Support Under the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement
RCED-91-63: Published: Feb 11, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed how well the government-support formula specified by the United States-Canada Free Trade Agreement measured agricultural trade distortion.GAO found that: (1) the formula measured the percentage of producer income resulting from government support, rather than the amount of trade distortion caused by government subsidies; (2) the formula's benefits...
International Trade: Iraq's Participation in U.S. Agricultural Export Programs
NSIAD-91-76: Published: Nov 14, 1990. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined Iraq's participation in the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Export Credit Guarantee Programs, focusing on the: (1) development of Iraq as a U.S. agricultural export market; (2) Iraq's participation in other agricultural export development programs; and (3) investigations into program improprieties.GAO found that: (1) the Commodity Credit Corpora...
Report on the Commodity Credit Corporation's GSM-102/103 Export Credit Guarantee Programs and Iraq's Participation in the Programs
T-NSIAD-91-1: Published: Oct 16, 1990. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1990.
GAO discussed the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) management and operations of its Export Credit Guarantee Program and Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Program, focusing on Iraq's participation in the programs. GAO noted that: (1) the programs were U.S. government loan guarantee programs designed to increase exports of U.S. agricultural commodities and allow the exporter to obtain immedia...
Food Safety and Quality: USDA Initiatives Regarding Aflatoxin Research
RCED-90-205FS: Published: Aug 15, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided: (1) information on aflatoxin research funded as part of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) fiscal year (FY) 1990 appropriation; (2) financial data on each of the subject ARS research projects; and (3) a comprehensive overview of USDA aflatoxin research efforts.GAO found that: (1) in FY 1989, ARS designed 11...
Agricultural Trade: Government Support Calculations Under the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement
RCED-90-210: Published: Aug 8, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1990.
GAO reviewed methods used to calculate levels of government support under the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement, focusing on the accuracy of the 1989 government support calculations for U.S. wheat.GAO found that: (1) to measure the level of government support, the agreement includes a formula that measures the amount of producer revenue derived from government policies; (2) the U.S. government supp...
Conservation Reserve Program: Determining Program's Effects on Production Depends on Assumptions
RCED-90-201: Published: Jul 25, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed assumptions that would influence an analysis of the Conservation Reserve Program's (CRP) effects on past and future agricultural production.GAO found that: (1) directly foregone production could be estimated by determining the number of acres enrolled in CRP, but such a calculation might not accurately reflect the effects of CRP on production; (2)...
U.S. Grain Sales: Inventory Sales Raise Issues for Legislative Consideration
RCED-90-120: Published: May 22, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed whether the Department of Agriculture (USDA) received reasonable prices for the grain it sold during fiscal years 1988 and 1989.GAO found that: (1) the overall policy USDA used for certificate exchange sales priced grain as close as possible to estimated local market prices; (2) USDA implementing instructions specified that exchange prices should b...
Restrictions on U.S. Aid to Bolivia for Crop Development Competing With U.S. Agricultural Exports and their Relationship to U.S. Anti-Drug Efforts
T-NSIAD-90-52: Published: Jun 27, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 1990.
GAO discussed the restrictions on U.S. aid to developing countries for crop development that competes with U.S. agricultural exports, and their relationship to U.S. anti-drug efforts in Bolivia. GAO noted that: (1) drug legislation places certain restrictions on the use of some local currencies generated by the sale of food aid commodities in recipient countries; (2) the provisions prohibit the us...
Farming and Farm Programs: Impact on the Rural Economy and on Farmers
RCED-90-108BR: Published: Apr 24, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the: (1) importance of farm sector employment to the rural economy; and (2) distribution of farm program payments.GAO found that: (1) nonfarm industries employed 9 out of 10 rural farm workers; (2) over half of U.S. farm families had one or more family members working at nonfarm jobs; and (3) one-half of the average total farm income was earned fro...