Grain and grain products (11 - 20 of 250 items)
USDA: Information on Classical Plant and Animal Breeding Activities
GAO-07-1171R: Published: Sep 13, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2007.
This report responds to a Congressional request for information on activities related to classical plant and animal breeding--creating an organism with desirable traits through controlled mating and selection without the insertion of genes from another species--that occurs at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Within USDA, the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Cooperative State R...
Foreign Assistance: Multiple Challenges Hinder the Efficiency and Effectiveness of U.S. Food Aid
GAO-08-83T: Published: Oct 2, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 2007.
The United States is the largest global food aid donor, accounting for over half of all food aid supplies to alleviate hunger and support development. Since 2002, Congress has appropriated an average of $2 billion per year for U.S. food aid programs, which delivered an average of 4 million metric tons of food commodities per year. Despite growing demand for food aid, rising business and transporta...
International Trade: U.S. Agencies Need Greater Focus to Support Mexico's Successful Transition to Liberalized Agricultural Trade Under NAFTA
GAO-05-272: Published: Mar 25, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2005.
In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) created the world's largest free trade area and, among other things, reduced or eliminated barriers for U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico's vast and growing markets. As part of a body of GAO work on NAFTA issues, this report (1) identifies progress made and difficulties encountered in gaining market access for U.S. agricultural exports to...
Farm Program Payments: USDA Needs to Strengthen Regulations and Oversight to Better Ensure Recipients Do Not Circumvent Payment Limitations
GAO-04-407: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
Farmers receive about $15 billion annually in federal farm program payments to help produce major commodities, including corn, cotton, rice, and wheat. The Farm Program Payments Integrity Act of 1987 (1987 Act) limits payments to individuals and entities--such as corporations and partnerships-- that are "actively engaged in farming." GAO (1) determined how well USDA's regulations limit payments, (...
Farm Program Payments: USDA Should Correct Weaknesses in Regulations and Oversight to Better Ensure Recipients Do Not Circumvent Payment Limitations
GAO-04-861T: Published: Jun 16, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
Farmers receive about $15 billion annually in federal payments to help produce major crops, such as corn, cotton, rice, and wheat. The Farm Program Payments Integrity Act of 1987 (1987 Act) limits payments to individuals and entities--such as corporations and partnerships--that are "actively engaged in farming." This testimony is based on GAO's report, Farm Program Payments: USDA Needs to Strength...
Peanut Program: Potential Effects of Proposed Farm Bill on Producers, Consumers, Government, and Peanut Imports and Exports
GAO-01-1135R: Published: Sep 26, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2001.
The current federal peanut program, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is designed to support producers' incomes while ensuring an ample supply of domestically produced peanuts. To achieve these goals, the program controls the domestic supply of peanuts and guarantees producers a minimum price for their crops. This price substantially exceeds the price for peanuts in world markets...
Farm Programs: Information on Recipients of Federal Payments
GAO-01-606: Published: Jun 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2001.
Payments to farmers under federal farm programs have reached an historic high--over $20 billion in fiscal year 2000. Nearly half of U.S. farms are receiving payments for income or price support purposes and/or for engaging in activities such as land conservation. These payments, in total, made up almost one-half of net farm income in fiscal year 2000. Despite the annual influx of billions of feder...
Food and Commodities: Federal Purchases and Major Regulations That Potentially Affect Prices Paid
RCED-00-173R: Published: Jun 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the federal government's food and commodity purchases, focusing on: (1) details about federal agencies' purchases of food and agricultural commodities from fiscal year (FY) 1997 through FY 1999; and (2) information on major regulations that may affect the prices paid by these agencies for these products.GAO noted that: (1) five agenc...
Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina
T-RCED/NSIAD-00-228: Published: Jun 29, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the prices of genetically modified seeds, focusing on : (1) the prices of Roundup Ready soybeans and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn seeds in the United States and Argentina; and (2) major reasons for any identified price differences between the two countries.GAO noted that: (1) the ranges of commercial prices in 1998 for popular varieties of Rou...
Food Stamp Program: Information on the Costs of Special Diets
RCED-00-144R: Published: May 8, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the costs of food stamp recipients' special diets, focusing on the: (1) number of food stamp recipients whose special dietary costs exceed the maximum food stamp benefit; and (2) costs of recipients' special diets compared with the maximum food stamp benefit.GAO noted that: (1) the federal government does not have the information to...