Nutrition (1 - 10 of 99 items)
Domestic Food Assistance: Multiple Programs Benefit Millions of Americans, but Additional Action Is Needed to Address Potential Overlap and Inefficiencies
GAO-15-606T: Published: May 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
The federal government spent over $100 billion on 18 domestic food assistance programs in fiscal year 2014. Federal spending on the five largest food assistance programs has increased over the last 20 years, driven largely by increases in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) following the recession of 2007-2009.Federal Spending on the Five Largest Programs from Fiscal Year 1995 to...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Enhanced Detection Tools and Reporting Could Improve Efforts to Combat Recipient Fraud
GAO-14-641: Published: Aug 21, 2014. Publicly Released: Aug 21, 2014.
The 11 states GAO reviewed employed a range of detection tools, but experienced mixed success investigating and pursuing cases to combat potential Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipient fraud. States reported using detection tools required or recommended by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), such as matching recipient data against prisoner and death files. However, most of s...
School Lunch: Implementing Nutrition Changes Was Challenging and Clarification of Oversight Requirements Is Needed
GAO-14-104: Published: Jan 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2014.
Nationwide, student participation in the National School Lunch Program declined by 1.2 million students (or 3.7 percent) from school year 2010-2011 through school year 2012-2013, after having increased steadily for many years. This decrease was driven primarily by a decline of 1.6 million students eating school lunch who pay full price for meals, despite increases in students eating school lunch w...
International Food Assistance: Funding Development Projects through the Purchase, Shipment, and Sale of U.S. Commodities Is Inefficient and Can Cause Adverse Market Impacts
GAO-11-636: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
Since the Food Security Act of 1985, Congress has authorized monetization--the sale of U.S. food aid commodities in developing countries to fund development. In fiscal year 2010, more than $300 million was used to procure and ship 540,000 metric tons of commodities to be monetized by the U.S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Through analysis of agency da...
Nutrition Assistance: Additional Efficiencies Could Improve Services to Older Adults
GAO-11-782T: Published: Jun 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2011.
This testimony discusses our recent work on food insecurity among older adults and the nutrition assistance programs available to assist them, including nutrition assistance programs authorized under the Older Americans Act of 1965 (OAA). This work can help inform government policymakers as they address the needs of one of our nation's most vulnerable populations while ensuring the efficiency and...
International School Feeding: USDA's Oversight of the McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program Needs Improvement
GAO-11-544: Published: May 19, 2011. Publicly Released: May 19, 2011.
The McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program (MGD Program) provides donations of U.S. agricultural products and financial and technical assistance for school feeding programs in the developing world. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), with about $200 million in funding in fiscal year 2010, the MGD Program served about 5 million beneficiaries i...
International Food Assistance: Better Nutrition and Quality Control Can Further Improve U.S. Food Aid
GAO-11-491: Published: May 12, 2011. Publicly Released: May 12, 2011.
For more than 50 years, the United States--which accounts for about half of global food aid supplies--has played an important role in alleviating malnutrition and hunger, especially during emergencies. In fiscal year 2010, the United States spent about $1.5 billion on emergency food aid that reached about 46.5 million beneficiaries. To preserve the nutritional value of food aid, quality controls a...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Payment Errors and Trafficking Have Declined, but Challenges Remain
GAO-10-956T: Published: Jul 28, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2010.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is intended to help low-income individuals and families obtain a better diet by supplementing their income with benefits to purchase food. USDA's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) and the states jointly implement SNAP. Participation in the program has risen steadily over the last decade to an all time high...
Food Stamp Program: Options for Delivering Financial Incentives to Participants for Purchasing Targeted Foods
GAO-08-415: Published: Jul 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2008.
In fiscal year 2007, the Food Stamp Program provided about $30.4 billion in nutrition assistance benefits to 26.5 million individuals. Benefits are issued through Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) cards, similar to debit cards, to purchase eligible foods at authorized retail stores. The diets of many low-income individuals, like the U.S. population overall, do not meet federal dietary guidelines....
Food Stamp Trafficking: FNS Could Enhance Program Integrity by Better Targeting Stores Likely to Traffic and Increasing Penalties
GAO-07-53: Published: Oct 13, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 2006.
Every year, food stamp recipients exchange hundreds of millions of dollars in benefits for cash instead of food with retailers across the country, a practice known as trafficking. From 2000 to 2005, the Food Stamp Program has grown from $15 billion to $29 billion in benefits. During this period of time, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) replaced paper foo...