Price supports (31 - 40 of 40 items)
Farm Payments: Evaluation of Changes in County Loan Rates
RCED-89-47BR: Published: Feb 15, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined selected aspects of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) county loan program, specifically to determine: (1) why USDA changed its loan rate calculation procedures for the individual counties; and (2) whether the changes resulted in reasonable and justifiable loan rates.GAO found that USDA revised its county loan rate procedures to: (1) update...
Options for Changing Milk Marketing Orders
T-RCED-88-41: Published: May 11, 1988. Publicly Released: May 11, 1988.
GAO discussed the current and future impact of the federal milk marketing order system on dairy programs. GAO noted that the system: (1) established a uniform pricing system; (2) encouraged farmers to produce grade A milk; (3) made it profitable to transport milk from surplus to deficit areas; (4) discouraged milk shipments from one surplus area to another; and (5) fostered local production of mil...
Milk Marketing Orders: Options for Change
RCED-88-9: Published: Mar 21, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1988.
GAO reviewed several aspects of federal milk-pricing policies to determine how: (1) the milk marketing order program affects the U.S. dairy surplus problem; (2) to change the program to reduce incentives for milk production; and (3) such changes would affect the surplus and the program's ability to meet dairy policy goals.GAO found that: (1) because dairy market conditions changed, the milk market...
Overview of the Dairy Surplus Issue--Policy Options for Congressional Consideration
RCED-85-132: Published: Sep 18, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 1985.
To assist Congress in its consideration of various legislative proposals to revise dairy policies, GAO summarized its work on dairy-related issues over the last 6 years, discussed the magnitude and nature of the dairy surplus problem, and analyzed several policy options for dealing with the problem.GAO found that government dairy product purchases and inventories have increased sharply from 1979 t...
Losses in the Department of Agriculture's Tobacco Program
RCED-85-167: Published: Sep 18, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided pricing and cost information on flue-cured tobacco under the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) tobacco program. Specifically, GAO estimated: (1) the losses that USDA could incur on 1976 through 1981 tobacco crops; (2) the total inventory price reduction resulting from USDA-approved discount sale terms; (3) the total price reduction on actual tobac...
Federal Price Support for Honey Should Be Phased Out
RCED-85-107: Published: Aug 19, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 19, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) mandatory honey price-support program to: (1) evaluate the need for the program; (2) determine who participated in the program; (3) determine why program costs and government inventories were increasing; and (4) evaluate USDA program administration.GAO found that bee pollination is critical to certain seed and fruit crops, and the crop producers...
Effects and Administration of the 1984 Milk Diversion Program
RCED-85-126: Published: Jul 29, 1985. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) temporary milk diversion program to: (1) determine how milk producers decided whether to participate; (2) estimate the program's effect on milk production and government dairy purchases; and (3) evaluate USDA effectiveness in administration of the program.GAO found that: (1) the program tended to attract producers that decreased production after...
Tobacco Program's Production Rights and Effects on Competition
CED-82-70: Published: Apr 23, 1982. Publicly Released: May 5, 1982.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed certain aspects of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service's (ASCS) flue-cured and burley-cured tobacco programs to determine: (1) by occupation or source of income, the owners of tobacco allotments and quotas that are leased or rented; (2) the amounts and average costs of the leased or rented allotments and quotas; (3) the program'...
An Assessment of Parity as a Tool for Formulating and Evaluating Agricultural Policy
CED-81-11: Published: Oct 10, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 1980.
The essence of U.S. farm policy has been to provide a certain level of economic security to the farm sector through various government programs. Until 1973, these programs were linked to parity, a measure of the purchasing power of farm commodities today in relation to their purchasing power during the base period of 1910 to 1914. Although most programs are now linked to costs of production, polic...
Parity and the Agricultural Sector
113346: Sep 18, 1980
GAO was asked to evaluate the concept of parity prices and to identify the impacts, particularly the secondary impacts, expected from parity-level price supports for agricultural products. Parity is generally expected to measure the economic well-being of the farm sector relative to other sectors. Changes in the parity ratio have tracked: (1) structural changes (as the ratio has fallen, so have th...