Agricultural policies (31 - 37 of 37 items)
Consequences of USDA's Farmer-Owned Reserve Program for Grain Stocks and Prices, Vol. 2
CED-81-70(II): Published: Jun 26, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1981.
The Farmer-Owned Reserve (FOR) Program subsidizes farmers to hold stocks of grain in reserve in order to regulate the amount of grain available and thereby stabilize prices. Data on stocks and prices of wheat and corn during the FOR program's first 3 years were examined, and estimates of its effects were made. The analysis focused on: (1) quantities of stocks, using annual and quarterly data for w...
Farmer-Owned Grain Reserve Program Needs Modification To Improve Effectiveness
CED-81-70: Published: Jun 26, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1981.
The farmer-owned grain reserve, authorized by the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, is to encourage producers to store wheat and feed grains when they are in abundant supply and extend the time for their orderly marketing.GAO and its consultants found that, during its first 2 to 3 years, the farmer-owned reserve (FOR) only partially met its objectives of increasing grain inventories in times of ab...
Theoretical and Empirical Considerations in Agricultural Buffer Stock Policy Under the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, Vol. 3
CED-81-70(III): Published: Jun 26, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1981.
The major theoretical developments in the agricultural price stabilization policy were analyzed, and this information was then used to develop a model to investigate the effects of the reserve program on prices, quantities, and real income for grain and livestock markets.The program has not benefited grain producers, except for minor benefits in its first year. Large farmer-owned reserves tend to...
Summary of GAO Reports Issued Since 1977 Pertaining to Farm Bill Legislation
CED-81-43: Published: Jan 21, 1981. Publicly Released: Jan 21, 1981.
A compilation is presented of reports issued since 1977 on topics which are addressed by the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 and related subjects. The summary was prepared to assist the members of the agriculture committees in their deliberations on renewal, modification, and extension of the Farm Bill...
An Assessment of Parity as a Tool for Formulating and Evaluating Agricultural Policy
CED-81-11: Published: Oct 10, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 1980.
The essence of U.S. farm policy has been to provide a certain level of economic security to the farm sector through various government programs. Until 1973, these programs were linked to parity, a measure of the purchasing power of farm commodities today in relation to their purchasing power during the base period of 1910 to 1914. Although most programs are now linked to costs of production, polic...
Parity and the Agricultural Sector
113346: Sep 18, 1980
GAO was asked to evaluate the concept of parity prices and to identify the impacts, particularly the secondary impacts, expected from parity-level price supports for agricultural products. Parity is generally expected to measure the economic well-being of the farm sector relative to other sectors. Changes in the parity ratio have tracked: (1) structural changes (as the ratio has fallen, so have th...