Rural economic development (21 - 30 of 41 items)
Farm Programs: Conservation Reserve Program Could Be Less Costly and More Effective
RCED-90-13: Published: Nov 15, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Conservation Reserve Program (CRP).GAO noted that: (1) 6 percent of about 28 million CRP-enrolled acres were planted in trees, making CRP one of the largest public tree-planting programs, despite falling short of the USDA 12.5-percent goal; (2) USDA was not targeting the highest erodible land first, because i...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Interim Report on Ways to Enhance Management
RCED-90-19: Published: Oct 26, 1989. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1989.
GAO assessed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management and potential organizational improvements.GAO found that: (1) many major USDA agencies and programs are very mature and have developed traditions, views, and constituencies independent of USDA; (2) this organizational structure hampers USDA in its efforts to perform its mission, and strong ties between the agencies, Congress, and const...
Farmers Home Administration: Implementation Issues Concerning Four Sections of the Food Security Act
RCED-89-71: Published: Jun 19, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Farmers Home Administration's (FmHA) lack of progress in applying the homestead protection, lease/buy-back, conservation easement, and softwood timber provisions of the Food Security Act of 1985.GAO found that: (1) because of inadequate FmHA records, it could not fully determine why some of the provisions were not more widely used and could not...
Internal Controls: Program to Address Problem Meat and Poultry Plants Needs Improvement
RCED-89-55: Published: Mar 31, 1989. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO assessed the Food Safety and Inspection Service's (FSIS) Intensified Regulatory Enforcement (IRE) Program at 10 meat and poultry plants.GAO found that: (1) although FSIS has instituted IRE at 42 plants nationwide since 1984, the program has only been partially successful; (2) 24 plants improved their operations and graduated from the program, 1 plant went...
Farmers Home Administration: Sounder Loans Would Require Revised Loan-Making Criteria
RCED-89-9: Published: Feb 14, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the Farmers Home Administration's (FmHA) loan policies and practices to determine: (1) whether FmHA used adequate criteria to make and service loans; (2) how FmHA loan policies affected borrower equity; (3) whether security for FmHA loans was adequate; and (4) the potential impact of FmHA-proposed loan criteria on existing borrowers.GAO found th...
Farmers Home Administration: Farm Loan Programs Have Become a Continuous Source of Subsidized Credit
RCED-89-3: Published: Nov 22, 1988. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Farmers Home Administration's (FmHA) farm loan graduation policies and procedures to determine: (1) whether FmHA followed legislative mandates to graduate successful borrowers; (2) the extent to which FmHA was a long-term source of credit; and (3) the amount of government interest-rate subsidy and financial advantage FmHA borrowers received.GAO...
Food Stamp Program: Administrative Hindrances to Participation
RCED-89-4: Published: Oct 21, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether federal regulations and certain state and local practices and procedures discourage or prevent eligible persons from participating in the Food and Nutrition Service's (FNS) Food Stamp Program.GAO found that some local offices: (1) had limited office hours and restrictive interviewing schedules; (2) required households to complete screening...
Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms
RCED-88-27: Published: Jun 13, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal risk management of genetically engineered organisms intended for agricultural and health uses in the environment, focusing on Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) policies.GAO found that: (1) because no laws specifically regulate genetically engineered organisms,...
Milk Marketing Orders: Options for Change
RCED-88-9: Published: Mar 21, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1988.
GAO reviewed several aspects of federal milk-pricing policies to determine how: (1) the milk marketing order program affects the U.S. dairy surplus problem; (2) to change the program to reduce incentives for milk production; and (3) such changes would affect the surplus and the program's ability to meet dairy policy goals.GAO found that: (1) because dairy market conditions changed, the milk market...
Food Stamp Program: Evaluation of Improper Denial or Termination Error Rates
RCED-88-12: Published: Oct 22, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the accuracy of Maryland's and Illinois's reporting of improper denial or termination error rates under the Food Stamp Program for fiscal year (FY) 1985.GAO found that: (1) Illinois and Maryland detected 40 and 15 percent, respectively, of the improper denials or terminations that it found; (2) projected error rates were 22.5 percent for Illinois a...