Rural economic development (11 - 20 of 41 items)
Commodity Programs: Flex Acres Enhance Farm Operations and Market Orientation
RCED-94-76: Published: Dec 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether 1990 farm legislation will reduce government costs and increase farmers' flexibility and responsiveness to market demands.GAO found that: (1) although flex acres are designed to reduce the government's agricultural support costs and increase U.S. farmers' market competitiveness, the total impact of flex acres on farm income is unknown; (2)...
Food Safety and Quality: Innovative Strategies May Be Needed to Regulate New Food Technologies
RCED-93-142: Published: Jul 26, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on new food technologies, focusing on: (1) types of new technologies; (2) the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) response to new food technologies and the processes it uses to determine whether they protect consumers; and (3) unresolved regulatory issues.GAO found that: (1) in response to changes in consumer demographics and dietary p...
Pesticides: Adulterated Imported Foods Are Reaching U.S. Grocery Shelves
RCED-92-205: Published: Sep 24, 1992. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) pesticide monitoring program, focusing on whether: (1) federal deterrents are adequate to prevent pesticide-adulterated food from reaching U.S. grocery shelves; and (2) FDA is using its resources to maximize detection of adulterated shipments.GAO found that: (1) FDA has increased its testing o...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Revitalizing and Streamlining the Department
T-RCED-92-53: Published: Apr 8, 1992. Publicly Released: Apr 8, 1992.
GAO discussed the overall effectiveness of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management processes and organizational structure, focusing on: (1) the challenges of rapidly changing world markets, new customer needs, and emerging issues; (2) opportunities for streamlining the existing USDA field structure; and (3) USDA efforts to respond to previous GAO recommendations. GAO noted that: (1) alth...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Farm Agencies' Field Structure Needs Major Overhaul
RCED-91-9: Published: Jan 29, 1991. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1991.
GAO provided information on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management operations and practices, focusing on identifying incremental and structural ways to improve the overall management of the decentralized USDA field structure.GAO found that: (1) although USDA initiated many agency-specific programs to improve government financial management, enhance productivity, and provide better servi...
Dairy Cooperatives: Role and Effects of the Capper-Volstead Antitrust Exemption
RCED-90-186: Published: Sep 4, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the limited antitrust exemption provided to agricultural cooperatives under the Capper-Volstead Act, particularly as it pertains to the dairy industry.GAO found that: (1) technological advances have improved dairy operations and expanded dairy farmers' marketing opportunities since enactment of the act; (2) federal milk price interve...
Cotton Program: The Marketing Loan Has Not Worked
RCED-90-170: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton marketing loan program and identified options for improving its effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) since 1985, the marketing loan program has not achieved its objective of keeping U.S. cotton prices competitive in world markets; (2) during the 14-month price divergence period, U.S. producers lacked incen...
Wool and Mohair Program: Need for Program Still in Question
RCED-90-51: Published: Mar 6, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) wool and mohair program.GAO found that: (1) USDA made $665 million in wool payments from 1981 through 1988; (2) wool production declined from 110 million pounds in 1981 to 89 million pounds in 1988; (3) from 1977 through 1983, payments boosted wool production by 18 percent; (4) industry representatives have co...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Need for Improved Workforce Planning
RCED-90-97: Published: Mar 6, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 1990.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) personnel management, focusing on the effectiveness of its workforce planning efforts.GAO found that: (1) USDA was experiencing problems in recruiting, training, and managing its personnel, primarily because it lacked an effective strategy for determining and meeting workforce needs; (2) USDA needed a departmental recruiting program to avoid intr...
Milk Pricing: New Method for Setting Farm Milk Prices Needs to Be Developed
RCED-90-8: Published: Nov 3, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether the Minnesota-Wisconsin (M-W) price series was a reliable and appropriate adjuster of milk prices and whether it needed to be improved.GAO found that: (1) the M-W price is becoming gradually less reliable as a measure of national supply and demand conditions for milk used for manufacturing, does not provide a valid pricing mechanism over...