Commodity marketing (11 - 20 of 31 items)
Peanut Program: Changes Are Needed to Make the Program Responsive to Market Forces
T-RCED-93-18: Published: Mar 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) peanut program. GAO noted that: (1) peanut farming has become increasingly concentrated as smaller farms have been consolidated to form larger-scale operations; (2) technological advances and other improvements have led to yields nearly five times greater than the yields produced in 1934; (3) in 1991, fewer than 22 percent of the peanut producer...
Dairy Cooperatives: Role and Effects of the Capper-Volstead Antitrust Exemption
RCED-90-186: Published: Sep 4, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the limited antitrust exemption provided to agricultural cooperatives under the Capper-Volstead Act, particularly as it pertains to the dairy industry.GAO found that: (1) technological advances have improved dairy operations and expanded dairy farmers' marketing opportunities since enactment of the act; (2) federal milk price interve...
Cotton Program: The Marketing Loan Has Not Worked
RCED-90-170: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton marketing loan program and identified options for improving its effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) since 1985, the marketing loan program has not achieved its objective of keeping U.S. cotton prices competitive in world markets; (2) during the 14-month price divergence period, U.S. producers lacked incen...
Wool and Mohair Program: Need for Program Still in Question
RCED-90-51: Published: Mar 6, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) wool and mohair program.GAO found that: (1) USDA made $665 million in wool payments from 1981 through 1988; (2) wool production declined from 110 million pounds in 1981 to 89 million pounds in 1988; (3) from 1977 through 1983, payments boosted wool production by 18 percent; (4) industry representatives have co...
Milk Pricing: New Method for Setting Farm Milk Prices Needs to Be Developed
RCED-90-8: Published: Nov 3, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether the Minnesota-Wisconsin (M-W) price series was a reliable and appropriate adjuster of milk prices and whether it needed to be improved.GAO found that: (1) the M-W price is becoming gradually less reliable as a measure of national supply and demand conditions for milk used for manufacturing, does not provide a valid pricing mechanism over...
Agriculture: Progress Made Toward Goals of 1985 Farm Bill
RCED-89-76BR: Published: Mar 30, 1989. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the results of 1985 farm legislation, focusing on whether the law: (1) stabilized the financially stressed farm economy; (2) enhanced U.S. competitiveness as a supplier in world agricultural markets; and (3) prevented the buildup of large surplus stocks.GAO found that: (1) most economic indicators had improved since 1985, but it was uncertain how m...
Price Changes in Selected Agricultural Commodities and Foods
T-RCED-89-1: Published: Oct 5, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 1988.
GAO reviewed price changes in selected agricultural commodities and foods during 1988. GAO found that: (1) between June 1 and August 31, 1988, food prices generally increased more at the farm, processor, and retail levels than they did during the same period in 1987; (2) prices of many of the monitored food items began to increase prior to the drought, with the January to August 1988 increase bein...
Opportunities to Improve U.S. Food/Agricultural Exports Through Improved Marketing Techniques
T-RCED-88-56: Published: Jun 28, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1988.
GAO reviewed public and private marketing mechanisms to enhance opportunities for the United States to improve its food and agricultural sales in foreign markets. GAO found that U.S. exporters needed to: (1) develop effective, long-term marketing strategies; (2) design positive product images; (3) improve distribution systems; (4) develop competitive pricing and credit policies; and (5) conduct pr...
Milk Marketing Orders: Options for Change
RCED-88-9: Published: Mar 21, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1988.
GAO reviewed several aspects of federal milk-pricing policies to determine how: (1) the milk marketing order program affects the U.S. dairy surplus problem; (2) to change the program to reduce incentives for milk production; and (3) such changes would affect the surplus and the program's ability to meet dairy policy goals.GAO found that: (1) because dairy market conditions changed, the milk market...
Commodity Futures Trading: Preliminary Information on the Viability of the Cattle Futures Markets
RCED-87-83: Published: Jan 16, 1987. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided preliminary information on its study of the cattle futures markets.GAO found that: (1) the cattle industry has suffered serious financial stress in recent years because of high interest rates, low cattle prices, and declining land values; (2) although the price of cattle today is twice what it was 20 to 30 years ago, the decline in the dollar's...