Appropriations (21 - 30 of 42 items)
Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms
RCED-88-27: Published: Jun 13, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal risk management of genetically engineered organisms intended for agricultural and health uses in the environment, focusing on Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) policies.GAO found that: (1) because no laws specifically regulate genetically engineered organisms,...
Food Aid: Improving Economic and Market Development Impact in African Countries
NSIAD-88-55: Published: Dec 21, 1987. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the economic and market development impact of Public Law 83-480 food aid to four African countries.GAO found that: (1) U.S. agricultural and foreign policy interests, weak agreement provisions, and recipient governments' failure to fully implement some agreement provisions weakened developmental benefits; (2) long-term impact on the economy was...
Food Stamp Program: Evaluation of Improper Denial or Termination Error Rates
RCED-88-12: Published: Oct 22, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the accuracy of Maryland's and Illinois's reporting of improper denial or termination error rates under the Food Stamp Program for fiscal year (FY) 1985.GAO found that: (1) Illinois and Maryland detected 40 and 15 percent, respectively, of the improper denials or terminations that it found; (2) projected error rates were 22.5 percent for Illinois a...
Imported Meat and Livestock: Chemical Residue Detection and the Issue of Labeling
RCED-87-142: Published: Sep 30, 1987. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1987.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) effectiveness in detecting prohibited chemical residues and foreign matter in imported meat items and live animals.GAO found that: (1) although the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) developed an annual plan in 1986 which included 406 chemicals for consideration and 100 for testing, it lacked detailed, current information on the chemicals...
Grain Shipments: Agriculture Can Reduce Costs by Increased Use of Negotiated Rail Rates
RCED-87-42: Published: Jan 21, 1987. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the methods that the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS) used to ship government grain by rail, focusing on: (1) the extent to which USDA negotiated rate and service concessions with railroads, in comparison with private grain shippers and other government agencies; (2) savings that resul...
Food Stamp Program: Restoration of Improperly Denied or Terminated Benefits
RCED-87-51: Published: Oct 30, 1986. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined: (1) how federal and state administrative practices affect the participation of persons eligible for Food Stamp Program benefits; and (2) a problem in Illinois' procedures relating to the restoration of food stamp benefits to persons whose benefits were improperly denied or terminated.GAO found that, although states are responsible for local adm...
Farmers Home Administration: Federally Acquired Farm Property Presents a Management Challenge
RCED-86-88: Published: Jun 13, 1986. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the increase in the number of farms that the Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) acquired as a result of loan foreclosures and other actions, specifically: (1) why the increase occurred; (2) the financial impact on the government; and (3) how well FmHA is managing the properties.GAO found that: (1) the increase in the number of farms that failed...
Farm Payments and Loans: Consistency Needed in USDA Crop Yield Estimates
RCED-86-118: Published: May 29, 1986. Publicly Released: May 29, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the methods used by the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS), the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC), and the Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) to estimate crop yields. The review identified: (1) the impact of differences in estimated yields the agencies used; and (2) possible improvements to the yield estimation pr...
Need To Foster Optimal Use of Resources in the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
RCED-85-105: Published: Sep 27, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), which the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) operates. GAO attempted to determine how to obtain the maximum benefit from the use of WIC resources, focusing on: (1) the extent to which state and local WIC agencies attempt to target WIC benefits on the basis of need; (2) FNS pr...
Effects and Administration of the 1984 Milk Diversion Program
RCED-85-126: Published: Jul 29, 1985. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) temporary milk diversion program to: (1) determine how milk producers decided whether to participate; (2) estimate the program's effect on milk production and government dairy purchases; and (3) evaluate USDA effectiveness in administration of the program.GAO found that: (1) the program tended to attract producers that decreased production after...