Economic development (71 - 80 of 203 items)
Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms
RCED-88-27: Published: Jun 13, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal risk management of genetically engineered organisms intended for agricultural and health uses in the environment, focusing on Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) policies.GAO found that: (1) because no laws specifically regulate genetically engineered organisms,...
Opportunities to Improve U.S. Food/Agricultural Exports Through Improved Marketing Techniques
T-RCED-88-56: Published: Jun 28, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1988.
GAO reviewed public and private marketing mechanisms to enhance opportunities for the United States to improve its food and agricultural sales in foreign markets. GAO found that U.S. exporters needed to: (1) develop effective, long-term marketing strategies; (2) design positive product images; (3) improve distribution systems; (4) develop competitive pricing and credit policies; and (5) conduct pr...
Food Marketing: Frozen Pizza Cheese--Representative of Broader Food Labeling Issues
RCED-88-70: Published: Mar 31, 1988. Publicly Released: May 5, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) regulatory issues concerning the labelling of frozen pizzas whose toppings include a manufactured cheese analog; and (2) related concerns about food labelling issues.GAO found that: (1) the Department of Agriculture (USDA), unlike the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), does not require disclosure of cheese analog on frozen p...
Milk Marketing Orders: Options for Change
RCED-88-9: Published: Mar 21, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1988.
GAO reviewed several aspects of federal milk-pricing policies to determine how: (1) the milk marketing order program affects the U.S. dairy surplus problem; (2) to change the program to reduce incentives for milk production; and (3) such changes would affect the surplus and the program's ability to meet dairy policy goals.GAO found that: (1) because dairy market conditions changed, the milk market...
Food Aid: Integration With Economic Assistance Programs in Four African Countries
NSIAD-88-96FS: Published: Feb 25, 1988. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided supplemental information on the economic and market development impact of Food for Peace Program assistance to African countries, focusing on: (1) integration of such assistance with Economic Support Fund and other foreign economic development assistance; and (2) pre-positioning of food commodities in Africa to meet critical needs.GAO found that: (...
Biotechnology: Role of Institutional Biosafety Committees
RCED-88-64BR: Published: Dec 14, 1987. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed institutional biosafety committees' implementation of the federal guidelines applicable to the environmental release of genetically engineered organisms, focusing on their: (1) membership composition; (2) functions and activities; (3) implementation of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) guidelines for research involving recombinant deoxyribonu...
Food Aid: Improving Economic and Market Development Impact in African Countries
NSIAD-88-55: Published: Dec 21, 1987. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the economic and market development impact of Public Law 83-480 food aid to four African countries.GAO found that: (1) U.S. agricultural and foreign policy interests, weak agreement provisions, and recipient governments' failure to fully implement some agreement provisions weakened developmental benefits; (2) long-term impact on the economy was...
Food Stamp Program: Evaluation of Improper Denial or Termination Error Rates
RCED-88-12: Published: Oct 22, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the accuracy of Maryland's and Illinois's reporting of improper denial or termination error rates under the Food Stamp Program for fiscal year (FY) 1985.GAO found that: (1) Illinois and Maryland detected 40 and 15 percent, respectively, of the improper denials or terminations that it found; (2) projected error rates were 22.5 percent for Illinois a...
Supplemental Food Program: Using Cost Saving Methods Could Increase Participation
RCED-88-35BR: Published: Oct 9, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO estimated the number of additional participants states could add to the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) if they purchased infant formula at less than retail cost.GAO estimated that: (1) nationwide, states could serve 221,400 to 630,200 additional eligible WIC participants with savings achieved if they purchased fo...
Farm Payments: Analysis of Proposals To Amend the $50,000 Payment Limit
RCED-88-42BR: Published: Oct 9, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 9, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO: (1) analyzed two proposals to amend the current $50,000-per-person payment limitation provisions of the Food Security Act; and (2) compared these proposals with existing legislation and regulations to determine if they would prevent certain types of farm reorganizations.GAO found that the proposed legislation: (1) targets those reorganizations which, in...