Economic development (51 - 60 of 203 items)
Dairy Cooperatives: Role and Effects of the Capper-Volstead Antitrust Exemption
RCED-90-186: Published: Sep 4, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the limited antitrust exemption provided to agricultural cooperatives under the Capper-Volstead Act, particularly as it pertains to the dairy industry.GAO found that: (1) technological advances have improved dairy operations and expanded dairy farmers' marketing opportunities since enactment of the act; (2) federal milk price interve...
Cotton Program: The Marketing Loan Has Not Worked
RCED-90-170: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton marketing loan program and identified options for improving its effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) since 1985, the marketing loan program has not achieved its objective of keeping U.S. cotton prices competitive in world markets; (2) during the 14-month price divergence period, U.S. producers lacked incen...
Wool and Mohair Program: Need for Program Still in Question
RCED-90-51: Published: Mar 6, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) wool and mohair program.GAO found that: (1) USDA made $665 million in wool payments from 1981 through 1988; (2) wool production declined from 110 million pounds in 1981 to 89 million pounds in 1988; (3) from 1977 through 1983, payments boosted wool production by 18 percent; (4) industry representatives have co...
Information on Timber Harvesting, Planting, Federal Assistance Programs, and Tax Provisions
T-RCED-90-45: Published: Mar 8, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 1990.
GAO discussed timber harvesting and planting, federal timber assistance programs, and tax laws affecting the timber industry. GAO noted that: (1) timber harvesting increased 4 percent from 1986 to 1988, and timber planting increased 23 percent over the same period; (2) about 90 percent of the increase in tree planting resulted from three Department of Agriculture programs; (3) tax provisions affec...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Need for Improved Workforce Planning
RCED-90-97: Published: Mar 6, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 1990.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) personnel management, focusing on the effectiveness of its workforce planning efforts.GAO found that: (1) USDA was experiencing problems in recruiting, training, and managing its personnel, primarily because it lacked an effective strategy for determining and meeting workforce needs; (2) USDA needed a departmental recruiting program to avoid intr...
Food Stamp Automation: Some Benefits Achieved; Federal Incentive Funding No Longer Needed
RCED-90-9: Published: Jan 24, 1990. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Food Stamp Program automation costs and benefits in selected state-wide and locally administered programs, focusing on: (1) whether automation helped state agencies to improve program administration and reduce errors; (2) automation costs; and (3) the continued need for federal automation incentives.GAO found that: (1) Food Stamp Program automation...
Food Assistance: USDA's Implementation of Legislated Commodity Distribution Reforms
RCED-90-12: Published: Dec 5, 1989. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) implementation of legislated commodity distribution reforms at the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), and Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS).GAO found that: (1) USDA had implemented 25 of 31 legislated reforms by May 1989; (2) USDA attributed delay...
Milk Pricing: New Method for Setting Farm Milk Prices Needs to Be Developed
RCED-90-8: Published: Nov 3, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether the Minnesota-Wisconsin (M-W) price series was a reliable and appropriate adjuster of milk prices and whether it needed to be improved.GAO found that: (1) the M-W price is becoming gradually less reliable as a measure of national supply and demand conditions for milk used for manufacturing, does not provide a valid pricing mechanism over...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Status of the Food and Agriculture Councils Needs to Be Elevated
RCED-90-29: Published: Nov 20, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 1989.
GAO described the Food and Agriculture Councils (FAC) and reviewed ways to revitalize FAC as a strategic management tool for the Department of Agriculture (USDA).GAO found that: (1) USDA established FAC in 1982 to facilitate the flow of USDA-wide initiatives to the state and local levels and to provide feedback on issues affecting farm communities; (2) because USDA transferred FAC out of the Offic...
Farm Programs: Conservation Reserve Program Could Be Less Costly and More Effective
RCED-90-13: Published: Nov 15, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Conservation Reserve Program (CRP).GAO noted that: (1) 6 percent of about 28 million CRP-enrolled acres were planted in trees, making CRP one of the largest public tree-planting programs, despite falling short of the USDA 12.5-percent goal; (2) USDA was not targeting the highest erodible land first, because i...