Diseases (1 - 10 of 13 items)
Emerging Animal Diseases: Actions Needed to Better Position USDA to Address Future Risks
GAO-16-132: Published: Dec 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 2016.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) did not take regulatory action during the initial response to the outbreaks of Swine Enteric Coronavirus Diseases (SECD) beginning in May 2013, when an outbreak was first detected, because the agency did not believe then that such action was necessary. Instead, USDA initially supported swine industry-led efforts. Without regulatory action, such as requirin...
Homeland Security: Agriculture Inspection Program Has Made Some Improvements, but Management Challenges Persist
GAO-12-885: Published: Sep 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2012.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have taken steps to implement all seven of the recommendations GAO made in 2006 to improve the Agriculture Quarantine Inspection (AQI) program, but they face challenges in fully implementing four of them. Specifically, DHS and USDA have implemented GAO's recommendations to improve information sharing, review DH...
Homeland Security: Survey of DHS Agriculture Specialists (GAO-12-884SP, September 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-885
GAO-12-884SP: Published: Sep 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2012.
This is an E-supplement to GAO-12-885. This e-supplement is a companion to our report on the Agriculture Quarantine Inspection (AQI) program, Homeland Security: Agriculture Inspection Program Has Made Some Improvements but Management Challenges Persist (GAO-12-885). The purpose of this e-supplement is to provide information from a web-based survey of agriculture specialists and supervisors, includ...
Herbal Dietary Supplements: Examples of Deceptive or Questionable Marketing Practices and Potentially Dangerous Advice
GAO-10-662T: Published: May 26, 2010. Publicly Released: May 26, 2010.
Recent studies have shown that use of herbal dietary supplements--chamomile, echinacea, garlic, ginkgo biloba, and ginseng--by the elderly within the United States has increased substantially. Sellers, such as retail stores, Web sites, and distributors, often claim these supplements help improve memory, circulation, and other bodily functions. GAO was asked to determine (1) whether sellers of herb...
Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Program: Management Problems May Increase Vulnerability of U.S. Agriculture to Foreign Pests and Diseases
GAO-08-96T: Published: Oct 3, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2007.
U.S. agriculture generates over $1 trillion in economic activity annually, but concerns exist about its vulnerability to foreign pests and diseases. Under the agricultural quarantine inspection (AQI) program, passengers and cargo are inspected at U.S. ports of entry to intercept prohibited material and pests. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 transferred responsibility for inspections from the U.S...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Information on the Condition of the National Plant Germplasm System
RCED-98-20: Published: Oct 16, 1997. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO surveyed the 680 members of the 40 crop germplasm committees (CGC) for their views on the sufficiency of the National Plant Germplasm System's (NPGS) principal activities focusing on: (1) acquiring germplasm to ensure the diversity of the collections in order to reduce crop vulnerability; (2) developing and documenting information on germplasm; and (3) pres...
Agricultural Inspection: Improvements Needed to Minimize Threat of Foreign Pests and Diseases
RCED-97-102: Published: May 5, 1997. Publicly Released: May 5, 1997.
GAO reviewed the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's (APHIS) efforts to minimize the risks to agriculture from pests and diseases entering the United States, focusing on: (1) recent developments that could challenge the ability of APHIS' Agricultural Quarantine and Inspection program to carry out its mission; (2) APHIS' efforts to cope with these developments; and (3) the effectiveness of...
Chilean Restrictions on Lettuce
GGD-95-49R: Published: Dec 14, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) the Chilean government's ban on the sale of certain fresh produce in all commercial food establishments; and (2) a U.S. fast food chain's efforts to have the ban lifted. GAO noted that: (1) Chile imposed the ban in 1991 as a precaution against possible outbreaks of cholera; (2) in September 1994, the Chilean Ministry of Health i...
GAO Audits of the Commodity Food Area
T-RCED-90-15: Published: Nov 15, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 1989.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) implementation of 31 legislatively mandated commodity distribution program reforms, focusing on the commodity food distribution program at four Indian reservations. GAO noted that: (1) to implement the reforms, USDA ordered a comprehensive review of the commodity distribution program, established special commodity initiatives to improve commodit...
Recommended Dietary Allowances
106544: Jul 10, 1978
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA's) are levels of essential nutrients considered to be adequate to meet the known nutritional needs of most persons. They are established and updated by the National Academy of Sciences' (NAS) Food and Nutrition Board. RDA's have been criticized for the following: they are based on limited data; they overstate the needs of most individuals; they are limited to th...