Price supports (11 - 20 of 37 items)
Sugar Program: Impact on Sweetener Users and Producers
T-RCED-95-204: Published: May 24, 1995. Publicly Released: May 24, 1995.
GAO discussed the impact of: (1) the U.S. sugar program on sweetener users and producers; and (2) domestic and international conditions on the sugar program's operations. GAO noted that: (1) the sugar program's price support loans and tariff-rate import quotas protect domestic producers from lower world prices, costing sweetener users about $1.4 billion annually; (2) sugar program benefits are con...
Milk Marketing Orders: Issues for Consideration in Reauthorizing the Farm Bill in 1995
T-RCED-95-203: Published: May 23, 1995. Publicly Released: May 23, 1995.
GAO discussed the Milk Marketing Order Program and the 1995 farm bill reauthorization. GAO noted that: (1) the market environment for milk has changed since the inception of the federal dairy pricing system and the premises for milk pricing under such a system are outdated; (2) milk marketing orders have led to excessive milk production and inequitable treatment of some milk producers, since produ...
Federal Dairy Programs: Information on Dairy Pricing and Related 1995 Farm Bill Issues
RCED-95-97BR: Published: Mar 27, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the dairy program, focusing on: (1) how the U.S. dairy pricing system operates; and (2) dairy issues that may need consideration during the 1995 farm bill reauthorization.GAO found that: (1) the U.S. dairy program sets minimum milk prices through milk marketing orders (MMO) and the price support program; (2) processors, not the feder...
Wheat Support: The Impact of Target Prices Versus Export Subsidies
RCED-94-79: Published: Jun 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) how the Export Enhancement Program (EEP) has affected the income of wheat producers and grain exporters; (2) whether wheat producers' income would have increased if additional EEP funds had been used for direct income support payments; and (3) the benefits of higher target prices.GAO found that: (1) EEP has generally increased wheat exports by...
Dairy Industry: Potential for and Barriers to Market Development
RCED-94-19: Published: Dec 21, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the development of domestic and international markets for U.S. dairy products, focusing on: (1) how the U.S. dairy industry's export activities compare with those of other major milk-producing countries; (2) opportunities to develop and expand dairy markets; and (3) obstacles to expanding dairy markets.GAO found that: (1) the United States is the t...
Wheat Commodity Program: Impact on Producers' Income
RCED-93-175BR: Published: Sep 8, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) wheat commodity program's effect on wheat producers' incomes, focusing on the: (1) program's costs and benefits to wheat producers and buyers; (2) distribution of payments to program participants by county and farms; and (3) distribution of government payments to farms whose wheat production acc...
Wheat Commodity Program: Despite Reforms, Government's Involvement Remains Substantial
RCED-93-30: Published: Mar 18, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects of the 1985 and 1990 U.S. wheat program reforms, focusing on the: (1) reforms' effect on farmers' production decisions; (2) government's costs in managing wheat stocks; and (3) government's involvement in wheat-related supports.GAO found that: (1) the 1985 and 1990 wheat program reforms reoriented farmers' production decisions toward ma...
USDA Commodity Forecasts: Inaccuracies Found May Lead to Underestimates of Budget Outlays
PEMD-91-24: Published: Aug 13, 1991. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) long-term commodity forecasts used in the President's budget process, focusing on the: (1) accuracy of those long-term supply and utilization forecasts, referred to as baselines; and (2) effect that forecast inaccuracies could have on outlay estimates in the President's January 1990 budget submission.GAO found...
Federal Dairy Programs: Dairy Inventory Management Alternatives
T-RCED-91-70: Published: Jun 18, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 1991.
GAO discussed alternatives studied by the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to address dairy inventory management problems. GAO noted that: (1) the level of deficiency payments in the target price/deficiency payment program to raise farmer incomes while allowing farm prices to be competitive would depend on the established target price, market demand for dairy products, and the level of producer pa...
Federal Dairy Programs: Long-Term Market Solutions Needed to Solve the Surplus Problem
T-RCED-91-61: Published: May 22, 1991. Publicly Released: May 22, 1991.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) efforts to control dairy product surpluses. GAO noted that: (1) annual purchases under the USDA price support program dramatically increased from $251 million in 1979 to $2.6 billion in 1983, contributing to unprecedented milk production levels; (2) USDA did not effectively implement its dairy cattle termination program, had insufficient cost da...