International trade (31 - 40 of 50 items)
U.S.-Mexico Agricultural Trade Liberalization
T-NSIAD-91-24: Published: Apr 24, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 1991.
GAO discussed recent developments in agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico and the views of U.S. agricultural industry groups regarding trade liberalization measures. GAO noted that: (1) Mexico's agricultural exports to the U.S. more than doubled between fiscal year (FY) 1980 and FY 1989 and U.S. and Mexican agricultural trade increased from $2.3 billion in 1982 to $5 billion in...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Stalemate in the Uruguay Round
NSIAD-91-129: Published: Feb 1, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the progress in the multilateral trade negotiations of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, focusing on the agricultural trade component.GAO found that: (1) the United States and the European Community (EC) continued to disagree strongly on the nature and extent of agricultural trade liberalization; (2) participating cou...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Strategic Marketing Needed to Lead Agribusiness in International Trade
RCED-91-22: Published: Jan 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 1991.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management of marketing strategies to support its role in the changing international marketplace.GAO found that: (1) the USDA production-oriented philosophy was not well suited for providing marketing leadership; (2) policymakers were attempting to reduce or eliminate trade barriers and create a flexible farm program to allow farmers to make plan...
Report on the Commodity Credit Corporation's GSM-102/103 Export Credit Guarantee Programs and Iraq's Participation in the Programs
T-NSIAD-91-1: Published: Oct 16, 1990. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1990.
GAO discussed the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) management and operations of its Export Credit Guarantee Program and Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Program, focusing on Iraq's participation in the programs. GAO noted that: (1) the programs were U.S. government loan guarantee programs designed to increase exports of U.S. agricultural commodities and allow the exporter to obtain immedia...
Cotton Program: The Marketing Loan Has Not Worked
RCED-90-170: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton marketing loan program and identified options for improving its effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) since 1985, the marketing loan program has not achieved its objective of keeping U.S. cotton prices competitive in world markets; (2) during the 14-month price divergence period, U.S. producers lacked incen...
Agricultural Trade: Improvements Needed in Management of Targeted Export Assistance Program
NSIAD-90-225: Published: Jun 27, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management of its Targeted Export Assistance (TEA) Program.GAO found that: (1) the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) was not adequately documenting the funding allocation decision process to clearly show how funding criteria were applied and ranked and the basis for those decisions; (2) commodity division staf...
1990 Farm Bill: Opportunities for Change
RCED-90-142: Published: Apr 10, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 1990.
GAO addressed issues that Congress should consider during the debate over the 1990 farm bill.GAO addressed: (1) commodity price and income supports; (2) farm finance; (3) crop disaster assistance; (4) conservation and environmental programs; (5) international programs; (6) food stamps; and (7) U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) management. GAO noted that the 1990 farm bill should include major...
International Trade: Foreign Market Development for High Value Agricultural Products
NSIAD-90-47: Published: Jan 17, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed competitor and U.S. market development for high-value agricultural products.GAO found that: (1) the United States and its foreign competitors conducted similar marketing activities for high-value agricultural products, but some competitors used a highly targeted approach which integrated market research with production and distribution capacities;...
Agribusiness Leadership: A Key to World Prosperity
142372: Jan 1, 1990
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 10, Fall 1990, discusses the emerging structure of the global agribusiness system, focusing on: (1) agricultural commodity production emphasizing value-added products and services; (2) government policies to further encourage fair and open markets; (3) leadership strategies that encourage freer trade and a market orientation worldwide; and (4) t...
An Opportunity to Modernize U.S. Agriculture Policy
142369: Jan 1, 1990
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 10, Fall 1990, discusses current agricultural policies and farm programs, focusing on: (1) the use of price supports and income supports to allow farms to participate in managing the amount of commodities they produce; (2) the need to improve agricultural programs by increasing the flexibility of programs, eliminating outdated programs, and prov...