Grain and grain products (21 - 30 of 53 items)
Alternative Agriculture: Federal Incentives and Farmers' Opinions
PEMD-90-12: Published: Feb 16, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the incentives and disincentives of federal farm programs that influenced farmers' adoption of alternative production methods, focusing on: (1) alternative agriculture, which attempts to address the health, environmental, and economic problems associated with conventional agriculture; (2) implications of federal commodity price and income support,...
GAO Analysis of Durum Wheat Prices
T-RCED-90-19: Published: Dec 7, 1989. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 1989.
GAO discussed the current market conditions for durum wheat, focusing on whether durum prices were consistent with supply and demand conditions. GAO found that: (1) price levels had a strong inverse relationship to stocks on hand at the end of the year, so that when stock levels were high, the average annual price was low; (2) for 13 of the 16 years from 1973 to 1988, more than 50 percent of total...
International Trade: Long-Term Bilateral Grain Agreements and Grain Countertrade
NSIAD-89-91: Published: Apr 14, 1989. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed long-term bilateral grain agreements (LBGA) and countertrade, focusing on: (1) foreign countries' use of LBGA and countertrade; (2) motivating factors for foreign countries to engage in such trade practices; and (3) the prospects for U.S. use of LBGA and countertrade to enhance grain exports.GAO interviewed private organizations and foreign gove...
Farm Payments: Evaluation of Changes in County Loan Rates
RCED-89-47BR: Published: Feb 15, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined selected aspects of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) county loan program, specifically to determine: (1) why USDA changed its loan rate calculation procedures for the individual counties; and (2) whether the changes resulted in reasonable and justifiable loan rates.GAO found that USDA revised its county loan rate procedures to: (1) update...
Food Prices: Changes Occurring in the Prices of Selected Food Products
RCED-89-46FS: Published: Oct 31, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the effect of the 1988 drought on changes in food prices at the farm, processor, and retail levels for eight selected food products.GAO found that: (1) between June 1 and August 31, 1988, food prices generally increased more at the farm, processor, and retail levels than they did in the same period in 1987; (2) prices for the sele...
Price Changes in Selected Agricultural Commodities and Foods
T-RCED-89-1: Published: Oct 5, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 1988.
GAO reviewed price changes in selected agricultural commodities and foods during 1988. GAO found that: (1) between June 1 and August 31, 1988, food prices generally increased more at the farm, processor, and retail levels than they did during the same period in 1987; (2) prices of many of the monitored food items began to increase prior to the drought, with the January to August 1988 increase bein...
Opportunities to Improve U.S. Food/Agricultural Exports Through Improved Marketing Techniques
T-RCED-88-56: Published: Jun 28, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1988.
GAO reviewed public and private marketing mechanisms to enhance opportunities for the United States to improve its food and agricultural sales in foreign markets. GAO found that U.S. exporters needed to: (1) develop effective, long-term marketing strategies; (2) design positive product images; (3) improve distribution systems; (4) develop competitive pricing and credit policies; and (5) conduct pr...
California Dairy: Production, Sales, and Product Disposition
RCED-88-180FS: Published: Jun 15, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information regarding California's: (1) milk production; (2) milk production costs and economic returns; (3) grade-A milk pricing system; and (4) manufacture and disposition of butter, nonfat dry milk, and cheese.GAO found that California: (1) increased its milk production from 10.6 percent of all U.S.-produced milk in 1980 to 12.6 percent in 1987;...
Farm Payments: Benefits and Costs of Trading in USDA Commodity Certificates
RCED-88-142BR: Published: Jun 2, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed reported abuses in the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Payment-in-Kind (PIK) Certificate Program to determine: (1) the volume of grain involved in long-distance transactions, in which commodity certificate holders exploited differing market values; (2) the monetary benefits gained from such transactions; (3) how the benefits were distributed;...
Agricultural Marketing: Farmers' Marketing Practices and Programs To Teach Alternative Practices
RCED-88-78BR: Published: Mar 25, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1988.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO studied: (1) farmers' use of three advanced marketing techniques, specifically cash-forward contracting, hedging in the futures market, and trading in agricultural options; and (2) educational programs in advanced agricultural marketing techniques.GAO found that: (1) although producers could use advanced marketing techniques to ensure commodity prices at...