Grain and grain products (1 - 10 of 53 items)
U.S. Agriculture: Retail Food Prices Grew Faster Than the Prices Farmers Received for Agricultural Commodities, but Economic Research Has Not Established That Concentration Has Affected These Trends
GAO-09-746R: Published: Jun 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2009.
Over the past 25 years, farmers have received a decreasing share of the consumer food dollar. Some analysts and farm interest groups are concerned that this decline can be attributed, in part, to increasing concentration in agriculture. They believe that firms in highly concentrated markets may be able to exert market power by raising retail food prices while also depressing prices farmers receive...
Commitments by the European Union and the United States to Reduce Agricultural Export Subsidies
NSIAD-99-198R: Published: Jun 18, 1999. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the European Union's (EU) and the U.S.' agricultural export subsidy programs, focusing on: (1) EU and U.S. compliance with the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture commitments to reduce agricultural export subsidies; and (2) EU and U.S. plans regarding the future use of agricultural export subsidies.GAO noted that: (1) to date,...
Agricultural Trade: Changes Made to Market Access Program, but Questions Remain on Economic Impact
NSIAD-99-38: Published: Apr 5, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's implementation of legislative reforms to the Market Access Program (MAP) and their impact on program participation.GAO noted that: (1) as directed by Congress, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) implemented operational changes to MAP; these changes have affected program participation and distribution of funds; (2...
Commodity Programs: Impact of Support Provisions on Selected Commodity Prices
RCED-97-45: Published: Feb 21, 1997. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the impact of support provisions on selected commodity prices, focusing on: (1) whether marketing loan provisions prevent loan rates from acting as price floors and whether they allow U.S. prices to fall to levels closer to world prices; (2) the effect lower loan rates would have on the relationship between U.S. and world prices; (3) the affect of...
Rebuttal to the Cotton Council
RCED-96-117R: Published: Apr 24, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed a National Cotton Council report that criticized a GAO review of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton program. GAO noted that the Council believes that the review was flawed because GAO: (1) used improper factors in evaluating program costs; (2) did not properly evaluate the benefits of the marketing loan program; (3) improperly evaluated...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Foreign-Owned Exporters' Participation in the Export Enhancement Program
GGD-95-127: Published: May 11, 1995. Publicly Released: May 11, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the participation of foreign-owned companies in the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) Export Enhancement Program (EEP).GAO found that: (1) foreign exporters' participation in EEP is consistent with the program's basic objectives of discouraging other countries' unfair trade practices and increasing the competitiveness of U.S. agricultural commod...
Rice Program: Government Support Needs to Be Reassessed
RCED-94-88: Published: May 26, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) rice program, focusing on its impact on the federal government and rice buyers and producers.GAO found that: (1) the rice program is costly despite USDA attempts to curtail costs; (2) between 1986 and 1992, annual government support costs averaged $863 million and annual export promotion costs averaged $157 mi...
Wheat Support: The Impact of Target Prices Versus Export Subsidies
RCED-94-79: Published: Jun 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) how the Export Enhancement Program (EEP) has affected the income of wheat producers and grain exporters; (2) whether wheat producers' income would have increased if additional EEP funds had been used for direct income support payments; and (3) the benefits of higher target prices.GAO found that: (1) EEP has generally increased wheat exports by...
Agricultural Marketing: Federally Authorized Commodity Research and Promotion Programs
RCED-94-63: Published: Dec 29, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Agricultural Marketing Service's (AMS) agricultural commodity research and promotion programs, focusing on the extent of: (1) check-off fund use; (2) AMS oversight; and (3) oversight coordination between AMS and other Department of Agriculture (USDA) agencies.GAO found that: (1) as of 1992, 11 of the 18 authorized check-off board...
High-Value Product Exports: Good Potential Exists for More Trade With Taiwan, Malaysia, and Indonesia
GGD-94-52: Published: Nov 19, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) potential for increased exports of U.S. agricultural high-value products (HVP) to Indonesia, Malaysia, and Taiwan; (2) factors that could limit HVP exports to these countries; (3) need for competitive market development activities in these countries; and (4) need to enhance the competitiveness of U.S. businesses in these mar...