Agricultural production (31 - 39 of 39 items)
Commodity Futures Trading: Purpose, Use, Impact, and Regulation of Cattle Futures Markets
RCED-88-30: Published: Nov 10, 1987. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1987.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO investigated cattle futures markets and their impact on cash market prices for cattle, particularly the: (1) cattle markets' reaction to the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Dairy Termination Program; (2) effect on cattle prices of meatpackers' forward contracting; (3) effectiveness of the system for delivering cattle under live cattle futures contracts...
Farm Programs: An Analysis of Two Production Control Options
RCED-86-137: Published: Aug 11, 1986. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 1986.
Because the problem of large crop surpluses and depressed commodity prices continues to be part of the U.S. farm agenda, GAO completed a comparative analysis of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Payment-in-Kind program (PIK) and an alternative program design for use in future farm policy and program decisions, using a private contractor's state-of-the-art policy simulation model.GAO noted tha...
1983 Payment-in-Kind Program Overview: Its Design, Impact, and Cost
RCED-85-89: Published: Sep 25, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) 1983 Payment-In-Kind (PIK) program to determine the: (1) design and justification of key 1983 PIK program provisions; (2) program's impact and cost; (3) distribution of payments to farmers; and (4) effectiveness of the acquisition and delivery of commodities to farmers.GAO found that: (1) the USDA determination that the $50,000 payment limitation...
The Role of Marketing Orders in Establishing and Maintaining Orderly Marketing Conditions
RCED-85-57: Published: Jul 31, 1985. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 1985.
GAO reviewed 9 marketing orders covering 11 agricultural commodities to: (1) address controversies surrounding the marketing order program and the effect of each individual type of marketing order tool on commodity supplies; (2) determine emerging trends in the use of marketing orders; and (3) assess the Agricultural Marketing Service's (AMS) administration of the marketing order program. Under th...
An Economic Analysis of the Pricing Efficiency and Market Organization of the U.S. Grain Export System
CED-82-61S: Published: Jun 15, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1982.
GAO provided a supplement to its report on: (1) the organization of the U.S. grain export system; (2) economic measures for perceived performance problems; (3) an empirical analysis using these measures; and (4) the implications of the empirical results for the organization of the U.S. grain export system.The analysis revealed a healthy rate of entry into the industry, the presence of central mark...
Market Structure and Pricing of U.S. Grain Export System
CED-82-61: Published: Jun 15, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1982.
The four major objectives of this study were to: (1) describe and analyze the organization of the U.S. grain export system; (2) define some economic measures for perceived performance problems; (3) conduct an empirical analysis using these measures; and (4) evaluate the implications of the empirical results for the organization of the U.S. grain export system.The analysis revealed a healthy rate o...
What Causes Food Prices To Rise? What Can Be Done About It?
CED-78-170: Published: Sep 8, 1978. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 1978.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), food price levels increased 57 percent from the beginning of 1970 through 1976, including a 31-percent increase in 1973 and 1974. The Consumer Price Index shows that over the last 50 years food prices have been susceptible to wider fluctuations than the prices of other goods. Farm prices and food prices are generally generated in two different mar...
Grain Marketing Systems in Argentina, Australia, Canada, and the European Community; Soybean Marketing System in Brazil
ID-76-61: Published: May 28, 1976. Publicly Released: May 28, 1976.
Marketing systems and agricultural policies of major grain and soybean producing and exporting countries vary with the political orientation toward the agricultural sector. A market system cannot be effective in achieving its objectives, however, if it does not have the faith and confidence of the producer. In comparing the different systems, volume of production, variety of crops, geographical a...