Agricultural production (1 - 10 of 39 items)
Dairy Industry: Information on Prices for Fluid Milk and the Factors That Influence Them
RCED-99-4: Published: Oct 8, 1998. Publicly Released: Nov 9, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed issues concerning the pricing and marketing of fluid milk, focusing on: (1) the factors that influence the price of fluid milk as it moves from the farm to the consumer; (2) the portion of the average retail price of a gallon of fluid milk that is received by farmers, cooperatives, wholesalers, and retailers in selected markets across the country;...
ARS' Research Activities
RCED-96-153R: Published: Jun 14, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Agricultural Research Service's (ARS) research activities. GAO noted that: (1) as of January 1996, ARS had funded 1,198 research projects at an estimated cost of $648 million, which accounted for 91 percent of its fiscal year (FY) 1996 research appropriation; (2) ARS plans to allocate an additional $24 million to new or renewed projects in FY 1...
Food and Agriculture Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1997-99
IAP-96-20: Published: Jun 1, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 1996.
GAO provided information on its Food and Agriculture issue area plan for fiscal years 1997 through 1999.GAO plans to: (1) assess how effectively the Department of Agriculture (USDA) is implementing its market transition activities to make U.S. agriculture less dependent on federal subsidies; (2) streamline USDA to improve efficiency in service delivery; (3) reduce waste, fraud, and abuse in agricu...
Options Pilot Program
RCED-95-199R: Published: Jun 14, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Options Pilot Program (OPP), focusing on: (1) the status of OPP implementation; and (2) views on OPP performance. GAO noted that: (1) USDA implemented OPP in 1993, subsidizing options purchases by 956 farmers in nine counties in three states; (2) USDA expanded OPP in 1994 to cover four more coun...
Peanut Program: Impact on Peanut Producers, Users, and the Government
T-RCED-95-215: Published: Jun 8, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 1995.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Peanut Program, focusing on: (1) changes in peanut farming since the program was created; (2) the program's impact on producers, consumers, the government, and international trade; and (3) needed changes in the program. GAO noted that: (1) the number of peanut farms has decreased and the size of the remaining farms has increased since 1930; (2)...
Sugar Program: Impact on Sweetener Users and Producers
T-RCED-95-204: Published: May 24, 1995. Publicly Released: May 24, 1995.
GAO discussed the impact of: (1) the U.S. sugar program on sweetener users and producers; and (2) domestic and international conditions on the sugar program's operations. GAO noted that: (1) the sugar program's price support loans and tariff-rate import quotas protect domestic producers from lower world prices, costing sweetener users about $1.4 billion annually; (2) sugar program benefits are con...
Milk Marketing Orders: Issues for Consideration in Reauthorizing the Farm Bill in 1995
T-RCED-95-203: Published: May 23, 1995. Publicly Released: May 23, 1995.
GAO discussed the Milk Marketing Order Program and the 1995 farm bill reauthorization. GAO noted that: (1) the market environment for milk has changed since the inception of the federal dairy pricing system and the premises for milk pricing under such a system are outdated; (2) milk marketing orders have led to excessive milk production and inequitable treatment of some milk producers, since produ...
Federal Dairy Programs: Information on Dairy Pricing and Related 1995 Farm Bill Issues
RCED-95-97BR: Published: Mar 27, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the dairy program, focusing on: (1) how the U.S. dairy pricing system operates; and (2) dairy issues that may need consideration during the 1995 farm bill reauthorization.GAO found that: (1) the U.S. dairy program sets minimum milk prices through milk marketing orders (MMO) and the price support program; (2) processors, not the feder...
Rice Program: Government Support Needs to Be Reassessed
RCED-94-88: Published: May 26, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) rice program, focusing on its impact on the federal government and rice buyers and producers.GAO found that: (1) the rice program is costly despite USDA attempts to curtail costs; (2) between 1986 and 1992, annual government support costs averaged $863 million and annual export promotion costs averaged $157 mi...
Commodity Programs: Flex Acres Enhance Farm Operations and Market Orientation
RCED-94-76: Published: Dec 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether 1990 farm legislation will reduce government costs and increase farmers' flexibility and responsiveness to market demands.GAO found that: (1) although flex acres are designed to reduce the government's agricultural support costs and increase U.S. farmers' market competitiveness, the total impact of flex acres on farm income is unknown; (2)...