Agricultural policies (11 - 20 of 31 items)
Dairy Industry: Potential for and Barriers to Market Development
RCED-94-19: Published: Dec 21, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the development of domestic and international markets for U.S. dairy products, focusing on: (1) how the U.S. dairy industry's export activities compare with those of other major milk-producing countries; (2) opportunities to develop and expand dairy markets; and (3) obstacles to expanding dairy markets.GAO found that: (1) the United States is the t...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Improvements Needed in Foreign Agricultural Service Management
T-GGD-94-56: Published: Nov 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the operation of the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), focusing on its: (1) management of export promotion and assistance programs; (2) use of resources in reporting on agricultural developments overseas; and (3) strategic planning. GAO noted that: (1) FAS needs greater management controls to eliminate continuing weaknesses; (2) FAS should reduce the amount of reporting on foreign...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Better Management Could Increase Effectiveness of FAS Export Operations
T-GGD-93-5: Published: Feb 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 1993.
GAO discussed weaknesses that reduce the effectiveness of the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) export operations and programs. GAO noted that: (1) FAS manages about $10 billion in agricultural export assistance programs that are designed to increase U.S. agricultural exports and develop foreign markets; (2) problems with FAS market promotion programs (MPP) include inadequate market research an...
Livestock Marketing: USDA's Oversight of Competitiveness Needs to Be Enhanced
T-RCED-92-19: Published: Jan 15, 1992. Publicly Released: Jan 15, 1992.
GAO discussed the Packers and Stockyards Administration's (PSA) current role in overseeing the livestock and meat-packing industries. GAO noted that: (1) national concentration in the meat-packing industry has increased during the last two decades; (2) such high concentration underscores the need for PSA to monitor for anticompetitive behavior; (3) livestock procurement markets are regional, but P...
Packers and Stockyards Administration: Oversight of Livestock Market Competitiveness Needs to Be Enhanced
RCED-92-36: Published: Oct 16, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Packers and Stockyards Administration's (PSA) role in monitoring and regulating the livestock and meat packing industries, focusing on: (1) how the livestock and meat packing industries have changed since the Packers and Stockyards Act of 1921; and (2) what role PSA plays in monitoring anticompetitive practices by meat-packing firms in their pr...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Stalemate in the Uruguay Round
NSIAD-91-129: Published: Feb 1, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the progress in the multilateral trade negotiations of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, focusing on the agricultural trade component.GAO found that: (1) the United States and the European Community (EC) continued to disagree strongly on the nature and extent of agricultural trade liberalization; (2) participating cou...
Dairy Cooperatives: Role and Effects of the Capper-Volstead Antitrust Exemption
RCED-90-186: Published: Sep 4, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the limited antitrust exemption provided to agricultural cooperatives under the Capper-Volstead Act, particularly as it pertains to the dairy industry.GAO found that: (1) technological advances have improved dairy operations and expanded dairy farmers' marketing opportunities since enactment of the act; (2) federal milk price interve...
Agribusiness Leadership: A Key to World Prosperity
142372: Jan 1, 1990
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 10, Fall 1990, discusses the emerging structure of the global agribusiness system, focusing on: (1) agricultural commodity production emphasizing value-added products and services; (2) government policies to further encourage fair and open markets; (3) leadership strategies that encourage freer trade and a market orientation worldwide; and (4) t...
An Opportunity to Modernize U.S. Agriculture Policy
142369: Jan 1, 1990
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 10, Fall 1990, discusses current agricultural policies and farm programs, focusing on: (1) the use of price supports and income supports to allow farms to participate in managing the amount of commodities they produce; (2) the need to improve agricultural programs by increasing the flexibility of programs, eliminating outdated programs, and prov...
Milk Pricing: New Method for Setting Farm Milk Prices Needs to Be Developed
RCED-90-8: Published: Nov 3, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether the Minnesota-Wisconsin (M-W) price series was a reliable and appropriate adjuster of milk prices and whether it needed to be improved.GAO found that: (1) the M-W price is becoming gradually less reliable as a measure of national supply and demand conditions for milk used for manufacturing, does not provide a valid pricing mechanism over...