Agricultural policies (1 - 10 of 31 items)
Commitments by the European Union and the United States to Reduce Agricultural Export Subsidies
NSIAD-99-198R: Published: Jun 18, 1999. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the European Union's (EU) and the U.S.' agricultural export subsidy programs, focusing on: (1) EU and U.S. compliance with the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture commitments to reduce agricultural export subsidies; and (2) EU and U.S. plans regarding the future use of agricultural export subsidies.GAO noted that: (1) to date,...
U.S. Agricultural Exports: Strong Growth Likely But U.S. Export Assistance Programs' Contribution Uncertain
NSIAD-97-260: Published: Sep 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed: (1) the way in which the 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act (FAIR) will likely affect U.S. agricultural exports; and (2) the continued relevance of U.S. agricultural export assistance programs.GAO noted that: (1) agricultural experts generally expect that FAIR's domestic policy reforms will modestly contribute to increased U.S. ag...
Commodity Programs: Impact of Support Provisions on Selected Commodity Prices
RCED-97-45: Published: Feb 21, 1997. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the impact of support provisions on selected commodity prices, focusing on: (1) whether marketing loan provisions prevent loan rates from acting as price floors and whether they allow U.S. prices to fall to levels closer to world prices; (2) the effect lower loan rates would have on the relationship between U.S. and world prices; (3) the affect of...
Commodity Programs: Freedom-to-Farm Approach Will Reduce USDA's Personnel Costs
RCED-96-116: Published: May 22, 1996. Publicly Released: May 22, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the personnel reductions that the Department of Agriculture (USDA) could have achieved if Congress had implemented the freedom-to-farm provisions of H.R. 2195 and the proposed Balanced Budget Act.GAO noted that: (1) under H.R. 2195, the freedom-to-farm provisions would have reduced the Farm Service Agency's (FSA) personnel by 1,823 staff years and...
Agricultural Marketing: U.S. Cotton Market Before and After Import Assessments
RCED-96-49: Published: Jan 22, 1996. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1996.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO assessed the: (1) growth in the U.S. market for cotton and cotton products; (2) extent to which import restrictions have affected importers' ability to take advantage of any growth in the U.S. market; and (3) relevant U.S. international trade obligations and the compliance factors for imported cotton and cotton products.GAO found that: (1) the cotton impo...
Federal Dairy Programs: Information on Dairy Pricing and Related 1995 Farm Bill Issues
RCED-95-97BR: Published: Mar 27, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the dairy program, focusing on: (1) how the U.S. dairy pricing system operates; and (2) dairy issues that may need consideration during the 1995 farm bill reauthorization.GAO found that: (1) the U.S. dairy program sets minimum milk prices through milk marketing orders (MMO) and the price support program; (2) processors, not the feder...
Farm Bill Issues
RCED-95-93R: Published: Feb 21, 1995. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO summarized the major issues that the food and agriculture sector would like to see incorporated into the 1995 farm bill. GAO noted that: (1) the proposed changes to the farm bill involved environment and conservation, commodity programs, agricultural trade, and research and education; (2) many survey respondents believed that the Conservation Reserve Progra...
Agricultural Trade: Five Countries' Foreign Market Development for High-Value Products
GGD-95-12: Published: Dec 14, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the structure, funding, and promotional activities of the organizations that develop foreign markets for high-value agricultural products (HVP), focusing on the: (1) organizations in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands that help develop foreign markets for HVP; (2) Department of Agriculture's (USDA) foreign market development p...
Wheat Support: The Impact of Target Prices Versus Export Subsidies
RCED-94-79: Published: Jun 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) how the Export Enhancement Program (EEP) has affected the income of wheat producers and grain exporters; (2) whether wheat producers' income would have increased if additional EEP funds had been used for direct income support payments; and (3) the benefits of higher target prices.GAO found that: (1) EEP has generally increased wheat exports by...
Commodity Programs: Flex Acres Enhance Farm Operations and Market Orientation
RCED-94-76: Published: Dec 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether 1990 farm legislation will reduce government costs and increase farmers' flexibility and responsiveness to market demands.GAO found that: (1) although flex acres are designed to reduce the government's agricultural support costs and increase U.S. farmers' market competitiveness, the total impact of flex acres on farm income is unknown; (2)...