Agricultural commodities (1 - 10 of 62 items)
U.S. Agriculture: Retail Food Prices Grew Faster Than the Prices Farmers Received for Agricultural Commodities, but Economic Research Has Not Established That Concentration Has Affected These Trends
GAO-09-746R: Published: Jun 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2009.
Over the past 25 years, farmers have received a decreasing share of the consumer food dollar. Some analysts and farm interest groups are concerned that this decline can be attributed, in part, to increasing concentration in agriculture. They believe that firms in highly concentrated markets may be able to exert market power by raising retail food prices while also depressing prices farmers receive...
Agricultural Trade: Changes Made to Market Access Program, but Questions Remain on Economic Impact
NSIAD-99-38: Published: Apr 5, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's implementation of legislative reforms to the Market Access Program (MAP) and their impact on program participation.GAO noted that: (1) as directed by Congress, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) implemented operational changes to MAP; these changes have affected program participation and distribution of funds; (2...
U.S. Agricultural Exports: Strong Growth Likely But U.S. Export Assistance Programs' Contribution Uncertain
NSIAD-97-260: Published: Sep 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed: (1) the way in which the 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act (FAIR) will likely affect U.S. agricultural exports; and (2) the continued relevance of U.S. agricultural export assistance programs.GAO noted that: (1) agricultural experts generally expect that FAIR's domestic policy reforms will modestly contribute to increased U.S. ag...
Commodity Programs: Impact of Support Provisions on Selected Commodity Prices
RCED-97-45: Published: Feb 21, 1997. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the impact of support provisions on selected commodity prices, focusing on: (1) whether marketing loan provisions prevent loan rates from acting as price floors and whether they allow U.S. prices to fall to levels closer to world prices; (2) the effect lower loan rates would have on the relationship between U.S. and world prices; (3) the affect of...
ARS' Research Activities
RCED-96-153R: Published: Jun 14, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Agricultural Research Service's (ARS) research activities. GAO noted that: (1) as of January 1996, ARS had funded 1,198 research projects at an estimated cost of $648 million, which accounted for 91 percent of its fiscal year (FY) 1996 research appropriation; (2) ARS plans to allocate an additional $24 million to new or renewed projects in FY 1...
Commodity Programs: Freedom-to-Farm Approach Will Reduce USDA's Personnel Costs
RCED-96-116: Published: May 22, 1996. Publicly Released: May 22, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the personnel reductions that the Department of Agriculture (USDA) could have achieved if Congress had implemented the freedom-to-farm provisions of H.R. 2195 and the proposed Balanced Budget Act.GAO noted that: (1) under H.R. 2195, the freedom-to-farm provisions would have reduced the Farm Service Agency's (FSA) personnel by 1,823 staff years and...
Rebuttal to the Cotton Council
RCED-96-117R: Published: Apr 24, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed a National Cotton Council report that criticized a GAO review of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton program. GAO noted that the Council believes that the review was flawed because GAO: (1) used improper factors in evaluating program costs; (2) did not properly evaluate the benefits of the marketing loan program; (3) improperly evaluated...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Foreign Agriculture Service Could Benefit from Better Strategic Planning
GGD-95-225: Published: Sep 28, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) to determine if FAS uses its resources in the most effective manner to accomplish its mission.GAO found that: (1) FAS long-term agricultural trade strategy (LATS) and country marketing plans lack the specificity and measurable goals that are necessary to establish priorities and allocate resources efficiently a...
Food and Agriculture Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-96
IAP-95-21: Published: Aug 1, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1995.
GAO presented its Food and Agriculture issue area plan for fiscal years 1995 to 1996.GAO plans to: (1) identify approaches to help farmers adapt to a more market-oriented farm economy; (2) recommend changes to improve the fiscal integrity of crop insurance programs and farm risk management; (3) evaluate the efficiency of commodity programs' administration; (4) identify U.S. trade and marketing iss...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Foreign-Owned Exporters' Participation in the Export Enhancement Program
GGD-95-127: Published: May 11, 1995. Publicly Released: May 11, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the participation of foreign-owned companies in the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) Export Enhancement Program (EEP).GAO found that: (1) foreign exporters' participation in EEP is consistent with the program's basic objectives of discouraging other countries' unfair trade practices and increasing the competitiveness of U.S. agricultural commod...